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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BAT8-0004-0013

Czasopismo

Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics

Tytuł artykułu

Laboratory investigations of compressibility of coarse-grained coal-mining wastes

Autorzy Dzierwa, K.  Zawisza, E. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN Coal-mining wastes are used for engineering purposes mainly as a building material for hydraulic and road embankments, as well as land levelling. Determination of compressibility and shear strength parameters is indispensable to determine the usefulness of coal-mining wastes for the above mentioned purposes. Due to the coarse-grained character of minestone, testing their geotechnical parameters should be conducted in situ (test loads) or in the laboratory in medium and large-size apparatus. The paper presents results of compressibility tests on unburnt coal-mining waste from Anna mine in the Upper Silesian Region. They were carried out in a prototypical medium-size oedometer (h = d = 374 mm), constructed in the Geotechnical Laboratory of the Department of Soil Mechanics and Earth Structures, Agricultural University of Kraków. The tests aimed at the determination of the influence of compaction and saturation of coal-mining wastes on the process of their consolidation, as well as on the magnitudes of settlement and compression moduli. Initial moisture content of the samples (close to the optimum one) was constant and compaction index changed (from IS = 0.88 to IS = 1.00); some samples were saturated prior to the loading. As a result of the tests, it was found that the slightly compacted wastes (IS = 0.90) are significantly susceptible to saturation, whereas more compacted wastes (IS = 0.95 and 1.00) are insignificantly susceptible to it. High compaction of coal-mining wastes has significant influence on the more even course of consolidation process and decrease of settlement. It is essential in case of using wastes for construction of embankments, especially those which are subject to the influence of water, for example embankments of ash ponds or flotation slurries. In that case the wastes should be compacted to the maximum extent at the optimum moisture content.
Słowa kluczowe
EN anthropogenic soils   colliery spoils   compressibility   middle-size oedometer tests  
Wydawca Institute of Hydro-Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences
Czasopismo Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics
Rocznik 2007
Tom Vol. 54, nr 1
Strony 37--54
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 21 poz., il.
Twórcy
autor Dzierwa, K.
autor Zawisza, E.
  • University of Agriculture in Kraków, Department of Soil Mechanics and Earth Structures, al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland, kmgibz@ar.krakow.pl
Bibliografia
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4. Design of a Medium Size Oedometer (2000) Katedra Mechaniki Gruntów i Budownictwa Ziemnego, Akademia Rolnicza, Kraków (in Polish).
5. Dzierwa K. (2004) Influence of compaction and water conditions on the compressibility of coarse-grained industrial wastes, PhD Thesis, Akademia Rolnicza, Kraków, ms (in Polish).
6. Glazer Z. (1985) Soil Mechanics, Wyd. Geol., Warszawa (in Polish).
7. Gruchot A. T. (2003) Investigations of shearing strength of colliery spoils (The influence of the test method), PhD Thesis, Akademia Rolnicza, Kraków, ms (in Polish).
8. Gryczmanski M., Skarzynska K. M., Kawalec B., Michalski P., Zawisza E., Kawalec J. (1998) Geotechnical bases for the use of coal-mining wastes as a construction soil for erecting engineering objects of high technical quality, Grant KBN 7 T07E 02609, Katedra Mechaniki Gruntów i Budownictwa Ziemnego AR w Krakowie, Katedra Geot. Politechniki Slaskiej w Gliwicach, ms (in Polish).
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16. Skarzynska K. M., Zawisza E. (1987) Minestone sealing with ash slurry – model tests, 2nd Int. Symp. on Geotechnics and the Environment – GREEN 2, Kraków, Poland, Thomas Telford Ltd., London, 468–475.
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