Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
first previous next last
cannonical link button

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BAR8-0018-0037

Czasopismo

Journal of Ecology and Health

Tytuł artykułu

Psychoemotional strain and phenomenon of "men and women mortality ratio" in the age aspect

Autorzy Kalnysh, V.  Nahorna, A. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL Napięcie psychoemocjonalne i zjawisko "wskaźnika umieralności kobiet i mężczyzn" w aspekcie wieku
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The analysis of the number of died men and women of different age per 100 000 persons of the corresponding sex from 1985 to 2002 in the city Kyiv was conducted. It is established that in the wide range of ages the phenomenon of the morbidity ratio of persons of different age is of a non-linear character. It is found the availability of the significant effect (19,6%; p<0,001) on the degree of this ratio. Four specific periods, associated with different possible mechanisms of the effect of the psychoemotional strain on the human body, have been specified in the dynamics of the sex ratio. It is established that the psychoemotional factor affects persons of different age groups specifically. In this, its effect on persons of able-to-work age, is the most threatening. A quantitative assessment of the population health of different age groups with due account of mortality ratio of persons of different sex has been proposed. The explanation of changes of sex ratio in populations, based on the theory of evolution in their development, is presented.
PL Przeprowadzono analizę liczby zgonów kobiet i mężczyzn w różnym wieku na 100 000 mieszkańców miasta Kijów obu płci, obejmującą lata 1985-2002. Założono, że w szerokim przedziale wiekowym zjawisko wskaźnika umieralności kobiet i mężczyzn w różnym wieku ma charakter nieliniowy. Stwierdzono istotny wpływ napięcia psychoemocjonalnego (19,6%, p<0,001) na wysokość ww. wskaźnika. Cztery poszczególne okresy, związane z różnymi możliwymi mechanizmami wpływu napięcia psychoemocjonalnego na organizm człowieka, zostały określone w dynamice wskaźnika płci. Ustalono, że czynnik psychoemocjonalny wpływa w różny sposób na osoby w różnych grupach wiekowych. W szczególności, jego wpływ na osoby w wieku produkcyjnym jest najbardziej groźny. Zaproponowano ocenę ilościową stanu zdrowia ludności w różnych grupach wiekowych z należytym uwzględnieniem wskaźnika śmiertelności osób obu płci. Przedstawiono także wyjaśnienie zmian współczynnika płci w populacji, w oparciu o teorię ewolucji w ich rozwoju.
Słowa kluczowe
PL współczynnik płci   wiek   napięcie emocjonalne   zdrowie populacji   śmiertelność  
EN sex ratio   age   emotional strain   population health   mortality  
Wydawca Górnośląska Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiczna im. Kardynała Augusta Hlonda
Czasopismo Journal of Ecology and Health
Rocznik 2011
Tom R. 15, nr 5
Strony 230--236
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 25 poz.
Twórcy
autor Kalnysh, V.
autor Nahorna, A.
  • Institute for Occupational Health of National AMS of Ukraine, Kyiv
Bibliografia
[1] Rahe R.H., Romo M., Bennett L., Siltanen P.: Recent life changes, myocardial infarction, and abrupt coronary death. Arch. Intern. Med. 1974; 133:221-228.
[2] Ford D.E., Mead L.A., Chang P.R: Depression is a risk factor for coronary artery disease in men: the precursors study. Arch. Intern. Med. 1998; 158:1422-1426.
[3] Pogosova G.V.: Depression - a new risk factor of ischemic heart disease and predictor of the coronary death. Kardiologiya. 2002; 42(4): 86-90. [ArticleinRussian],
[4] Oganov R.G, Pogosova G.V: Stress: what do we know today about this risk factor? Rational pharmacotherapy and cardiology. 2007; 3: 61-67. [ArticleinRussian].
[5] Kopina O.S., Suslova S.F., Zaikin E.R.: Population studies of the psychoemotional stress as a risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. Kardiologiya 1996; 36(3): 53-56. [Article inRussian],
[6] Oganov R..G., Maslennikova G.Ya., Shalnova S.A., and others: The significance of cardiovascular and other noninfectious diseases for the health of the population of Russia. Prevention of diseases and improvement of health. 2002; 2:3-7. [Article in Russian].
[7] Results of the work of medical and prophylactic establishments in Kyiv. Kyiv 2004. [Book in Ukrainian].
[8] Zarakovsky G.M., Medvedev V.I., Razygrayeva N.A.: Risk-related socio-psychological situation as manifestation of the population psycho-emotional stress. Physiology of man. 1997;2:33-41. [ArticleinRussian].
[9] Kagan A.R., Levi L.: Health and environment. Psychosocial stimuli. A review. Soc. Sci. Med. 1974; 8:225-241.
[10] Theorell T., Karasek R. A.: Current issues relating to psychosocial job strain and cardiovascular disease research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 1996; 1:9-26.
[11] Ostry A.S., Kelly S., Demers P.A., Mustard C, Hertzman C: A comparison between the effort-reward imbalance and demand control models. BMC Public Health.2003;3:10-15.
[12] Weyers S., Peter R., Boggild H., Jeppesen H.J., Siegrist J.: Psychological work stress is associated with poor self-rated health in Danish nurses: at of the effort-reward imbalance model. Scand. J. Caring. Sci. 20 20:26-34.
[13] Steptoe A., Kunz-Ebrecht S., Owen N., Feldman P, Willemsen G., Kirschbaum C, Marmot M.: Socioeconomic status and stress-related Biological responces over the working day. Psychosomatic Medicine. 2003; 65:461-470.
[14] Krantz D.S., Helmers K.F., Bairey C.N., Nebel L.E., Hedges S. M., Rozanski A.: Cardiovascular reactivity and mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease. Psychosomatic Medicine. 1991; 53: 1-12.
[15] Sudakov K.V.: General regularities of the dynamical organization of functional systems. Kursky nauchno-practichesky vestnik "Chelovek I yego zdorov'ye". 2005; 2:4-13. [Article in Russian].
[16] Main indices of health and medical care of the population of the city Kyiv in 2003. Kyiv 2004 [Book in Ukrainian].
[17] Darwin Ch.: Collection of works. Sankt-Pieterburg 1909 [Book in Russian].
[18] Zeng Y, Tu P, Gu B., Xu Y, Li B., Li Y: Sex ratio of China's population deserves attention. China Popul. Today. 1992; 9:3-5.
[19] Graffelman J., Hoekstra R.F.: A statistical analysis of the effect of warfare on the human secondary sex ratio. Hum. Biol. 2000; 72:433-445.
[20] Zorn B., Sucur Y, Stare J., Meden-Vrtovec H.: Declinein sex ratio at birth , after 10-day war in Slovenia: brief communication. Hum. Reprod. 2002; 17:3173-3177.
[21] Figa-Talamanca I., Tarquini M., Lauria L.: Is it possible to use sex ratio at birth as indicator of the presence of endocrine disrupters in environmental pollution? G. Ital. Med, Lav. Ergon 2003; 25: 52-53.
[22] Fukuda M, Fukuda K. ,Shimizu T., Moller H.: Decline in sex ratio at birth after Kobe earthquake. Hum. REprod. 1998; 13:2321-2322.
[23] Leschenko Y.A.: Crisis in the public health and socio-demographic development: main manifestations, causes, conditions of overcoming. RAMS,Irkutsk2006. [BookinRussian].
[24] Men' T.C., Zaridze D.G.: Methodical bases in determination of the expected life duration of the population of large cities. Vestnik Russian Academy of medical sciences. 2004; 2:21-25. [Article in Russian].
[25] Geodakyan V.A.: Logic of evolution of sex differentiation. Mathematical methods in biology. Naukova dumka, Kyiv 1977: 84-106. [Article in Russian].
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BAR8-0018-0037
Identyfikatory