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Polski Przegląd Kartograficzny

Tytuł artykułu

Obraz Józefa Wąsowicza (1900-1964) w stulecie urodzin

Autorzy Pawlak, J.  Pawlak, W. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
EN The image of Józef Wąsowicz (1900-1964) on the centennial of his birth
Języki publikacji PL
PL Autorzy przypominają Józefa Wąsowicza, wybitnego polskiego geografa i kartografa w związku ze stuleciem jego urodzin. W okresie międzywojennym był on współtwórcą międzynarodowego sukcesu kartografii Romerowskiej. Po drugiej wojnie światowej natomiast odegrał czołową rolę w reaktywowaniu Instytutu Kartograficznego im. E. Romera we Wrocławiu, dzięki czemu również obecnie można mówić o wpływie, a nawet kontynuacji romerowsko- wąsowiczowskiej szkoły kartograficznej w Polsce.
EN The recollection of prominent figures in each branch of science saves us from forgetting their accomplishmwnts, but also prevents us from limiting our knowledge about them to one particular branch of their activity. Józef Wąsowicz, a hundred years after his birth and thirty-six after his death is generally seen as a prominent cartographer, a collaborator and successor of the Romer cartographic tradition. However, his activities as a human geographer, demographer and socioeconomic geographer have largely been forgotten, despite the fact that these issues played a dominant role in his published works (1326 in total). His career in science was mostly based on the achievements of physical geography, demography as well as widely understood anthropogeography. He considered cartography as his job, which was the way he saw it during his whole life-time involvement in this activity, both at the "Atlas", Romer Cartographic Institute and in "Książnica-Atlas". At the University of Lvov however, he was employed as Assistant Professor and a Lecturer in Anthropogeography. After the World War II, as a Professor at the University of Wrocław, he was appointed Chair of the Department of Anthropogeography, and then Researcher at the Department of Economic Geography. He was appointed Chair of the Department of Cartography as late as in1953. The analysis of his publications clearly proves that J. Wąsowicz was a prominent and versatile geographer, what enabled him to achieve his position in the field of cartography. There are many similarities between E. Romer and his student J. Wąsowicz in this aspect. Eugeniusz Romer (1871-1954) had been a teacher of geography, prominent climatologist, geopolitician and a renowned political publicist before he created the modern Polish cartographic industry and cartographic tradition. Józef Wąsowicz did not intend to create his own cartographic school, as his whole cartographic activity was connected with Romer and his cartographic school. It seems evident however, that the success of Romer in school cartography would not have been possible without J. Wąsowicz. And after the World War II the Romer cartographic tradition would most probably have ceased to exist without J. Wąsowicz, who not only reactivated the Romer Cartographic Institute at the University of Wrocław, but also contributed to the reactivation of the "Książnica-Atlas" Publishing House. The Romer cartographic tradition achieved its dominant position in school cartography of the twenty-year post-war period mostly because of Wąsowicz's service. His largest achievement is the continuation of the Romer cartographic tradition after the death of Eugeniusz Romer himself. This fact enabled the involventment of many graduates of the University of Wrocław into this tradition. This way Józef Wąsowicz's students were taught by the most prominent Romer's student and a continuator of the E. Romer cartographic tradition. If we can now state that the Romer cartographic tradition is not a purely historical term, but still has the inspiring character, this is the Wąsowicz's largest achievement. The recollection of Józef Wąsowicz's activities can also be referred to the contemporary cartography, which emerged from earth sciences, tend to forget about its genesis. Wąsowicz's cartographic accomlishments and earlier also those of Romer and many world-renowned cartographers were directly derived from their position in geography. The example of Józef Wąsowicz alone allows us to say that there's no alternative for cartography other than geography, and the cartographic skills are the most effective method of research of each geographer and cartographer. Geography is nowadays understood as the general notion describing all geography-related branches, so one should not assume that a cartographer should actively participate in research activities of all of tham. However, each cartographer would it find necessary to master many of the geographic sub-disciplines.
Słowa kluczowe
PL kartografia   Wąsowicz Józef  
EN cartography   Wąsowicz Józef  
Wydawca Polskie Towarzystwo Geograficzne. Oddział Kartograficzny
Czasopismo Polski Przegląd Kartograficzny
Rocznik 2000
Tom T. 32, nr 4
Strony 271--287
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 15 poz., rys.
autor Pawlak, J.
autor Pawlak, W.
  • Uniwersytet Warszawski
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BAR5-0001-0586