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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-ae6cf310-53f3-4d80-a948-3067301edba1

Czasopismo

Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics

Tytuł artykułu

Investigation of Chest Injury Mechanism Caused by Different Seatbelt Loads in Frontal Impact

Autorzy Xiao, S.  Yang, J.  Crandall, J. R. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The purpose of this quantitative study is to investigate the differences of the injury mechanism caused by two different types of seatbelts loads on the occupant chest. Methods: The finite element analysis is employed to compare the different responses of the human body model, including the comparison of kinematics, chest accelerations, seatbelt forces and chest injury outcomes regrading chest deflections and rib fractures. Results: The calculated rib strain/stress from simulations in force-limiting seatbelt are higher than that in the regular seatbelt. The forward movement and torso twist are both great in simulations with force-limiting seatbelt. Meanwhile, there are obvious differences in the injury outcomes of chest deflections and rib fracture risks under the different seatbelt loads. Conclusion: Results indicate the chest deflections and rib fracture risks are negatively correlated under the load of the force-limiting seatbelt, However, they are positively correlated to and determined by the seatbelt peak load of the regular seatbelt. This paper can provide a reference for study of the chest injury mechanism and the protection efficiency of seatbelt.
Słowa kluczowe
PL model ciała człowieka   FEM   kinematyka   klatka piersiowa  
EN seatbelt restraint system   human body finite element model   kinematics   rib fractures   chest deflections  
Wydawca Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej
Czasopismo Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Rocznik 2017
Tom Vol. 19, nr 3
Strony 53--62
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 31 poz., rys., tab., wykr.
Twórcy
autor Xiao, S.
  • The State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design & Manufacturing for Vehicle Body, Hunan University, Changsha, China, xiaosen@hnu.edu.cn
autor Yang, J.
  • The State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design & Manufacturing for Vehicle Body, Hunan University, Changsha, China
  • Department of Applied Mechanics, Chalmers, University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
autor Crandall, J. R.
  • Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
Bibliografia
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Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-ae6cf310-53f3-4d80-a948-3067301edba1
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.5277//ABB-00777-2016-02