PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

The relationship between body composition and foot posture index in Special Olympics athletes

Treść / Zawartość
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In Special Olympics, athletes’ foot deformities, abnormal postural patterns and overweight and obesity were observed to be more common than in the general population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between body composition and foot posture index. Additionally, the effect of gender and other factors on the body composition and foot posture index in athletes with intellectual disability (ID) were analyzed. Methods: 131 athletes with ID participated in this study: 36 table tennis players, 66 cross country skiers and 29 downhill skiers. Their body composition was assessed using the bioimpedance analysis InBody 230 (Biospace, Korea). The foot screening included the assessment of foot posture index, which evaluates the degree of pronated, supinated and neutral position of the foot, gait speed and the last part of the procedure consisted of a short questionnaire, providing the information about the type of housing, age, and the usage of orthotics. Results: A low correlation between body composition and some of the foot posture index criteria was observed. The mean foot posture index score in athletes with ID was observed to be slightly pronated, as also described in the general population, with no statistically significant difference between female and male athletes. The gender differences were observed only in body composition. Conclusions: The high body weight and body fat percentage observed in this study highlight the need for healthy lifestyle education in athletes with ID.
Rocznik
Strony
47--52
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 28 poz., tab.
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Sports Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
  • Faculty of Sports Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
  • Faculty of Sports Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
Bibliografia
  • [1] ENKELAAR L., SMULDERS E., VAN SCHROJENSTEIN LANTMAN-DE VALK H., GEURTS A.C.H., WEERDESTEYN V., A review of balance and gait capacities in relation to falls in persons with intellectual disability, Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2012, 33, 291–306.
  • [2] GIMUNOVÁ M., VÁLKOVÁ H., HRNČIŘÍKOVÁ I., ZVONAŘ M., Prevalence of podiatric conditions in Special Olympics athletes: the Czech Republic winter games Fit Feet screening, 8th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology, Opatija, Croatia, D. Milanović, G. Sporiš, S. Šalaj and D. Škegro (Eds.), Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia, 2017, 32–35.
  • [3] JENKINS D.W., COOPER K., O’CONNOR R., WATANABE L., WILLS C., Prevalence of podiatric conditions seen in Special Olympics athletes: Structural, biomechanical and dermatological findings, The Foot, 2011, 21, 15–25.
  • [4] JENKINS D.W., COOPER K., HEIGH E.G., Prevalence of podiatric conditions seen in Special Olympics athletes: A comparison of USA data to an international population, The Foot, 2015, 25, 5–11.
  • [5] Special Olympics Fit Feet Resources, 2019, Version January 2019, Special Olympics, Inc., https://resources.specialolympics.org/Taxonomy/Health/Fit_Feet_INT.aspx
  • [6] REDMOND A., The Foot Posture Index: User guide and manual, 2005. Retrieved September 29, 2014, from: http://www.leeds.ac.uk/medicine/FASTER/z/pdf/FPI-manual-formatted -August-2005v2.pdf
  • [7] KUO Y.L., LIU Y.S.L., The foot posture index between elite athletic and sedentary college students, Kinesiology, 2017, 49, 202–207.
  • [8] BUTTERWORTH P.A., URQUHART D.M., LANDORF K.B., WLUKA A.E., CICUTTINI F., MENZ H.B., Foot posture, range of motion and plantar pressure characteristics in obese and non-obese individuals, Gait and Posture, 2015, 41, 465–469.
  • [9] RABIATTI AURICHIO T., REBELATTO J.R., PAIVA DE CASTRO A., The relationship between the body mass index (BMI) and foot posture in elderly people, Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2011, 52, e89–e92.
  • [10] FINUCANE M.M., STEVENS G., COWAN M., DANAEI G., LIN J.K., PACIOREK C.J., SINGH G.M. et al., National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 960 country-years and 9.1 million participants, Lancet, 2011, 377, 557–567.
  • [11] EMERSON E., Underweight, obesity and exercise among adults with intellectual disabilities in supported accommodation in Northern England, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2005, 49, 134–143.
  • [12] DE WINTER C.F., BASTIAANSE L.P., HILGENKAMP T.I.M., EVENHUIS H.M., ECHTELD M.A., Overweight and obesity in older people with intellectual disability, Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2012, 33, 398–405.
  • [13] HSIEH K., RIMMER J.H., HELLER T., Obesity and ID, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2014, 58, 851–863.
  • [14] TEMPLE V.A., FOLEY J.T., LLOYD M., BMI of adults with intellectual disability, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2014, 58, 277–284.
  • [15] BIBROWICZ K., SZURMIK T., WODARSKI P., MICHNIK R., MYŚLIWIEC A., BARSZCZ J., MIKOLAJOWSKI G., MITAS A., Quality of body posture and postural stability in people with intellectual disability playing volleyball, Acta of Bioeng. Biomech., 2019, 21, 23–30.
  • [16] REDMOND A.C., CRANE Y.Z., MENZ H.B., Normative values for the foot posture index, Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 2008, 1.
  • [17] SCOTT G., MENZ H.B., NEWCOMBE L., Age-related differences in foot structure and function, Gait and Posture, 2007, 26, 68–75.
  • [18] LEVITOVÁ A., HOŠKOVÁ B., Zdravotně-kompenzační cvičení, Grada publishing, Prague, Czech Republic, 2015.
  • [19] SHIBUYA N., KITTERMAN R.T., LAFONTAINE J., JUPITER D.C., Demographic, Physical, and Radiographic Factors Associated with Functional Flatfoot Deformity, The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, 2014, 53, 168–172.
  • [20] COWLEY E., MARSDEN J., The effects of prolonged running on foot posture: a repeated measures study of half marathon runners using the foot posture index and navicular height, Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 2013, 6.
  • [21] LOVEJOY J.C., The Influence of Sex Hormones on Obesity across the Female Life Span, Journal of Women’s Health, 1998, 7, 1247–1256.
  • [22] JANKOWICZ-SZYMANSKA A., MIKOLAJCZYK E., WOJTANOWSKI W., The effect of the degree of disability on nutritional status and flat feet in adolescents with Down syndrome, Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2013, 34, 3686–3690.
  • [23] MIKULOVIC J., VANHELST J., SALLERON J., MARCELLINI A., COMPTE R., FARDY P.S. et al., Overweight in intellectuallydisabled population: Physical, behavioral and psychological characteristics, Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2014, 35, 153–161.
  • [24] CESARI M., KRITCHEVSKY S.B., PENNINX B.W., NICKLAS B.J., SIMONSICK E.M., NEWMAN A.B. et al., Prognostic value of usual gait speed in well-functioning older people, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2005, 53, 1675–1680.
  • [25] STUDENSKI S., PERERA S., PATEL K., ROSANO C., FAULKNER K., INZITARI M. et al., Gait Speed and Survival in Older Adults, JAMA, 2011, 305, 50–58.
  • [26] VAN KAN A.G., ROLLAND Y., ANDRIEU S., BAUER J., BEAUCHET O., BONNEFOY M. et al., Gait speed at usual pace as a predictor of adverse outcomes in community-dwelling older people, Journal of Nutrition Health and Aging, 2009, 13, 881–889.
  • [27] ENKELAAR L., SMULDERS E., VAN SCHROJENSTEIN LANTMAN-DE VALK H., WEERDESTEYN V., GEURTS A.C.H., Clinical measures are feasible and sensitive to assess balance and gait capacities in older persons with mild to moderate Intellectual Disabilities, Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2012, 34, 276–285.
  • [28] HAYNES C.A., LOCKHART T.E., Evaluation of gait and slip parameters for adults with intellectual disability, Journal of Biomechanics, 2012, 45, 2337–2341.
Uwagi
Opracowanie rekordu ze środków MNiSW, umowa Nr 461252 w ramach programu "Społeczna odpowiedzialność nauki" - moduł: Popularyzacja nauki i promocja sportu (2020).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-ad0131ad-0101-47ef-be18-6effd7c3b9a1
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.