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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-aa963b1a-7531-46fd-9dd8-e3f59818c3e8

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Water - fuel microemulsions influence on fuel consumption and exhaust gas emissions

Autorzy Cienciała, M.  Haller, P.  Jankowski, A.  Kardasz, P. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN Combustion in a diesel engine is a complex physicochemical process, changing the time at which the events take place simultaneously heat and mass transfer and chemical reactions. The development of internal combustion engines goes towards meeting the increasingly stringent requirements for toxic exhaust emissions, reducing fuel consumption and therefore reduce carbon emissions and protect the Earth's natural resources. The problem to solve in modern combustion engines is the emission of NOx. One way to reduce the emission of toxic NOx combustion engine power is water-hydrocarbon emulsions [1]. Research combustion engines water-hydrocarbon emulsions has been its tradition. So far, attempts were carried out using an emulsion obtained by a chemical. Emulsions of oil and water can be obtained by adding various detergents to prevent delamination of the oil and water. In this article, we consider the possibility of applying a mixture of water and oil as an alternative fuel used to power internal combustion engines used in heavy road transport. This work is preliminary work, also having to check whether this is the future direction of the work. The measurements of emissions of exhaust gases and fuel consumption. After analysing the test results confirmed that the improvement of the economic and environmental performance of modern diesel engines, it can be achieved by supplying synthetic diesel or gas oil water emulsions. It was found that the use of emulsion leads to a reduction of fuel consumption and NOx emissions.
Słowa kluczowe
EN combustion engine   diesel engine   microemulsion   fuel consumption   emissions  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2013
Tom Vol. 20, No. 3
Strony 111--116
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 14 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Cienciała, M.
  • Wroclaw University of Technology Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Wyspianskiego Street 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland tel.: +48 71 3477918, fax: +48 71 3477918, michal.cienciala@pwr.wroc.pl
autor Haller, P.
  • Wroclaw University of Technology Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Wyspianskiego Street 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland tel.: +48 71 3477918, fax: +48 71 3477918, piotr.haller@pwr.wroc.pl
autor Jankowski, A.
  • Institute of Aviation Krakowska Av. 110/114, 02-256 Warsaw, Poland tel.:+48 22 8460011; fax: +48 22 8464432, ajank@ilot.edu.pl
autor Kardasz, P.
  • Wroclaw University of Technology Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Wyspianskiego Street 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland tel.: +48 71 3477918, fax: +48 71 3477918, piotr.kardasz@pwr.wroc.pl
Bibliografia
[1] Bemert, L., Strey, R., Diesel-Mikroemulsionen als alternativer Kraftstoff, 5. FAD Konferenz Herausforderung – Abgasnachbehandlung fuer Dieselmotoren, Dresden 2007.
[2] Chłopek, Z., Danilczyk, W., Kruczyński, S., Ocena możliwości zmniejszenia emisji tlenków azotu przez dodatek wody do układu zasilania silnika o zapłonie samoczynnym, Zeszyty Instytutu Pojazdów, Nr 3/94, Warszawa 1994.
[3] Haller, P., Jankowski, A., Kolanek, C., Walkowiak, W., Microemulsions as Fuel for Diesel Engine, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 165-170, 2012.
[4] Jankowski, A., Influence of Chosen Parameters of Water Fuel Microemulsion on Combustion Processes, Emission Level of Nitrogen Oxides and Fuel Consumption of CI Engine, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 593-600, 2011.
[5] Jankowski, A., Kołomecki, J., Sieminska, B., Researches of Influence Kind of Piston on Some Parameters of the S12-U Wola Diesel Engine, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 185-194, 2012.
[6] Jankowski, A., Modelling of Combustion Processes of Liquid Fuels, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 239-244, 2012.
[7] Jankowski, A., Study of the Influence of Different Factors on Combustion Processes, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 209-216, 2009.
[8] Jankowski, A., Pietrowski, S., Sieminska, B., Szymczak, T., High-Quality Silumin on Pistons of Combustion Engines, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2009.
[9] Jankowski, A., Heat Transfer in Combustion Chamber of Piston Engines, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 187-197, 2010.
[10] Jankowski, A., Lagowski, P., Slezak, M., Heat Release Characteristics in Combustion Chamber of CI Engine, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 155-164, 2010.
[11] Jankowski, A., Slezak, M., Some Aspects of on Board Diagnostics Systems (OBD) in Poland, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 191-196, 2011.
[12] Jankowski, A., Reduction Emission Level of Harmful Components Exhaust Gases by Means of Control of Parameters Influencing on Spraying Process of Biofuel Components for Aircraft Engines, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 129-134, 2011.
[13] Kolanek, C., Kułażyński, M., Kempińska, M., Examination of the Effects of Water Presence in Fuel on Toxicity Indices of a Compression-Ignition Engine, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 177-182, 2007.
[14] Kolanek, C., Sroka, Z. J., Walkowiak, W. W., Exhaust Gas Toxicity Problems in Ship Drives, Polish Maritime Research, 2007.
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