Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Target effect on the kinematics of Taekwondo Roundhouse Kick – is the presence of a physical target a stimulus, influencing muscle-power generation?

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Taekwondo is famous for its powerful kicking techniques and the roundhouse kick is the most frequently used one. In earlier literature, the influence of a physical target (exiting or not) on kicking power generation has not been given much attention. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the kinematics of roundhouse kick execution and its factors related to power generation. 6 ITF taekwondo practitioners voluntarily participated in this study. They were asked to perform kicks with and without a physical target. The first kick aimed at breaking a board while the second one was a kick into the air. A Smart-D motion capture system (BTS S.p.A., Italy) was used to quantitatively determine their kinematic characteristics during each kick. The main findings showed that kicks aiming at a breaking board were significantly slower than kicks without a physical target (maximal kick-foot velocities were 10.61 ± 0.86 m/s and 14.61 ± 0.67 m/s, respectively, p < 0.01), but the kicking time of the former was shorter (0.58 ± 0.01 s and 0.67 ± 0.01, respectively, p < 0.01). The results suggest that a physical target will negatively influence the kick-foot velocity, which is not necessarily a disadvantage for creating a high quality kick. Possible motor control mechanisms are discussed for the phenomenon. The study made it clear: trainings with and without physical targets would develop different motor control patterns. More studies are needed for identifying the effectiveness of different controls and efficiencies of their training.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 25 poz., rys., tab., wykr.
  • Institute of Physical Education and Tourism, Jan Długosz University of Częstochowa, Poland
  • Department of Kinesiology, University of Lethbridge, Canada,
  • [1] BOEY L.W., XIE W., Experimental investigation of turning kick performance of Singapore National Taekwondo player, Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sport, Caceres, Spain, 2002.
  • [2] BUCHANAN J., Learning a single limb multijoint coordination pattern: the impact of a mechanical constraint on the coordination dynamics of learning and transfer, Exp. Brain. Res., 2004, Vol. 156(1), 39–54.
  • [3] CHANG S., EVANS J., CROWE S., ZHANG X., SHAN G., An innovative approach for Real Time Determination of Power and Reaction Time in a Martial Arts Quasi-Training Environment Using 3D Motion Capture and EMG Measurements, Arch. Budo., 2011, Vol. 7(3), 185–196.
  • [4] CONKEL B., BRAUCHT J., WILSON W., PIETER W., TAAFFE D., FLECK S., Isokinetic torque, kick velocity and force in Taekwondo, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 1998, Vol. 20(2), S5.
  • [5] FALCO C., ALVAREZ O., CASTILLO I., ESTEVAN I., MARTOS J., MUGARRA F., IRADI A., Influence of the distance in a roundhouse kick's execution time and impact force in Taekwondo, J. Biomech., 2009, Vol. 42(3), 242–248.
  • [6] FITTS P.M., The Information Capacity of the Human Motor System in Controlling the Amplitude of Movement, J. Exp. Psychol., 1954, Vol. 47(6), 381–391.
  • [7] HALL S., Basic Biomechanics, 4th ed., Boston McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2003.
  • [8] ITA, Main page of International TaeKwon-Do Association, 1998– 2013,, Accessed 16 October 2013.
  • [9] KALINA R., Teoria sportów walki, Warszawa COS, 2000.
  • [10] LEE S., Frequency analysis of the Taekwondo techniques used in a tournament, J. Taekwondo, 1983, Vol. 46, 122– 130.
  • [11] LEE S., JUNG C., SIN S., LEE D., An analysis of the angular momentum of dolyeo chagi in taekwondo, Int. J. Appl. Sport Sci., 2001, Vol. 13(1), 18–32.
  • [12] MAGILL R.A., Motor Learning – Concepts and Applications, (6th ed.), Boston Mc Graw Hill, 2001.
  • [13] PEDZICH W., MASTALERZ A., URBANIK C., The comparison of the dynamics of selected leg strokes in Taekwondo WTF, Acta Bioeng. Biomech., 2006, Vol. 8(1), 1–8.
  • [14] PIETER F., PIETER W., Speed and force of selected taekwondo techniques, Biol. Sport, 1995, Vol. 12(4), 257–266.
  • [15] PIETER W., Modeling velocity and force of selected taekwondo techniques, [in:] J.K. Song, S.H. Yoo (eds.), 1st International Symposium for Taekwondo Studies, Beijing: Capital Institute of Physical Education, 2007, 65–71.
  • [16] SERINA E., LIEU O., Thoracic injury potential of basic competition Taekwondo kicks, J. Biomech., 1992, Vol. 24(10), 951–960.
  • [17] SHAN G., BOHN B., Anthropometrical data and coefficients of regression related to gender and race, Appl. Ergon., 2003, Vol. 34(4), 327–337.
  • [18] SHAN G., SUST M., SIMARD S., BOHN C., NICOL K., How Can Dynamic Rigid-body Modeling Be Helpful in Motor Learning? – Diagnosing Performance Using Dynamic Modeling, Kinesiology, 2004, Vol. 36(2), 182–191.
  • [19] SHAN G., WESTERHOFF P., Full body kinematic characteristics of the maximal instep Soccer kick by male soccer players and parameters related to kick quality, Sports Biomech., 2005, Vol. 4(1), 59–72.
  • [20] WĄSIK J., Structure of movement of a turning technique used in the event of special techniques in Taekwon-do ITF, Arch. Budo, 2009, Vol. 5(2), 111–115.
  • [21] WĄSIK J., The structure of the roundhouse kick on the example of a European Champion of taekwon-do, Arch. Budo, 2010, Vol. 6(4), 211–216.
  • [22] WĄSIK J., Kinematic analysis of the side kick in Taekwon-do, Acta Bioeng. Biomech., 2011, Vol. 13(4), 71–75.
  • [23] WASIK J., The structure and influence of different flying high front kick techniques on the achieved height on the example of taekwon-do athletes, Arch. Budo, 2012, Vol. 8(1), 45–50.
  • [24] WĄSIK J., SHAN G., Factors influencing the effectiveness of axe kick in taekwon-do, Arch. Budo, 2014, Vol. 10(1), 29–36.
  • [25] YU D., YU Y., WILDE B., SHAN G., Biomechanical Characteristics of the Axe Kick in Tae Kwon-Do, Arch. Budo, 2012, Vol. 8(4), 213–218.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.