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Comparison of water needs and precipitation deficiency during the growing season of asparagus in the region of Bydgoszcz and Wroclaw

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the study was to compare the water requirements and the precipitation deficiencies during cultivation of asparagus in the period from June to August in the regions of Bydgoszcz and Wroclaw. The water needs were calculated using the plant coefficient. The reference evapotranspiration was measured by Grabarczyk’s method (1976). The coefficients kc, determined for the Polish conditions by Rolbiecki (2013), were used to estimate the water requirements considered as the crop evapotranspiration. In the studied period (from June to August, 1996-2015), higher water requirements of asparagus were noted in the Wroclaw region (366.1 mm) than in the Bydgoszcz region (288.5 mm). The monthly water needs in June, July and August were 69.8 mm, 128.8 mm and 167.5 mm, respectively, in the Wroclaw region, and 55.5 mm, 98.5 mm and 134.5 mm, respectively, in the Bydgoszcz region. In July, the tendency to increase the water requirements in both observed regions was noted. The monthly crop evapotranspiration in July rose in each decade by 12.3 mm in the Bydgoszcz region and by 21.2 mm in the Wroclaw region. In the 20-year study, the rainfall deficit in June and July during 11-13 years was noted. In August, the precipitation deficiencies were observed during 16 years in the Bydgoszcz region and during 19 years in the Wroclaw region. A higher rainfall deficit during the 20-year period under study was reported in the Wroclaw region (128.5 mm) than in the Bydgoszcz region (87.0 mm). In August, the highest monthly precipitation deficiencies of 100.3 mm (Wroclaw region) and 70.3 mm (Bydgoszcz region) were noted.
Rocznik
Tom
Strony
1843--1854
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 8 poz., tab., wykr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Land Melioration and Agrometeorology, University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, 6 Bernardyńska St., 85-029 Bydgoszcz, Poland, rolbs@utp.edu.pl
autor
  • Department of Land Melioration and Agrometeorology, University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Bernardyńska 6, 85-029 Bydgoszcz, Poland, rolbr@utp.edu.pl
autor
  • Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Agriculture in Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland, bjagosz@ogr.ar.krakow.pl
  • Institute of Environmental Protection and Development, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Plac Grunwaldzki 24, 50-363 Wrocław, Poland, malgorzata.biniak-pierog@up.wroc.pl
autor
  • Institute of Environmental Protection and Development, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Plac Grunwaldzki 24, 50-363 Wrocław, Poland, andrzej.zyromski@up.wroc.pl
Bibliografia
  • Grabarczyk S. (1976). Polowe zużycie wody a czynniki meteorologiczne. Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych. 181: 495-511.
  • Kaniszewski S. (2005). Nawadnianie warzyw gruntowych. Kraków: Plantpress. 1-85.
  • Kaniszewski S. (2006). Nawadnianie warzyw. In: Karczmarczyk S. and Nowak L. (eds): Nawadnianie roślin. Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Leśne. 295-332.
  • Kaufmann F. (1977). Intensivierung der Spargelproduktion durch Bewasserrung. Gartenbau. 24(3): 73-74.
  • Pardo A., Arbizou J., Suso M.L. (1997). Evapotranspiration and crop coefficients in white asparagus. Acta Horticulturae. 449(1): 187-192.
  • Paschold P.J., Eckes U., Löbmeier F.J., Hoppmann D. (2001). Untersuchungen zur Ermittlung des langjährigen Wasser und Berednungsbedarfs bei ausgewählten Gemüsearten, unveröff. Arbeitsbericht, Forschungsanstalt Geisenheim.
  • Paschold P.J., Artelt B., Hermann G. (2004). The water need of asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) determined in a lysimeter station. Acta Horticulturae. 664: 529-536.
  • Rolbiecki R. (2013). Ocena potrzeb i efektów mikronawodnień szparaga (Asparagus officinalis L.) na obszarze szczególnie deficytowym w wodę. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Technologiczno-Przyrodniczego w Bydgoszczy. Rozprawy. 162: 1-103.
Uwagi
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2018).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-9d2d51a4-925e-4cb2-a5b5-39fc5b6811e0
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