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Measuring the force of punches and kicks among combat sport athletes using a modified punching bag with an embedded accelerometer

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The main aim of the study was to design a new system to measure punching and kicking forces as well as reaction times in combat sport athletes. In addition, the study examined whether there were any intergender differences in the force of punches thrown by boxers and kicking forces delivered by taekwondo athletes. Boxers (male, n = 13; female, n = 7) were examined for the force of single straight punches and taekwondo athletes (male, n = 14; female, n = 14) for force of single Apdolio and Dwit Chagi kicks. The punching bag was equipped with acceleration transducers and gyroscopes embedded in a cylinder covered with a layer to absorb shock as well as a set of colour signal diodes. Value of the punching bag’s acceleration was used for calculating: strike force; the punching location on the bag; and time of a strike. The relative error of force calculation was 3%; the relative error in acceleration measurement was less than 1%. The force of a straight rear-hand punch was greater than the force of a lead-hand punch among male and female boxers. The force of Apdolio kick delivered with a rear leg was greater compared to a lead leg among female and male taekwondo athletes. Significant gender differences were noticed in the force in both types of kicks. In boxers, intergender differences were reported only for the force of a punch thrown with the rear hand. Based on these findings, it was concluded that the modified punching bag is a good diagnostic tool for combat sports.
Rocznik
Strony
47--54
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 18 poz., rys., tab., wykr.
Twórcy
autor
autor
  • Department of Biomechanics, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
  • Institute of Physical Culture, Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, Athens, Greece
  • Department of Biomechanics, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Department of Ergonomics, Central Institute For Labour Protection – National Research Institute (CIOP-PIB)
autor
  • Department of Biomechanics, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Department of Statistic, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Department of Biomechanics, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] BALIUS X., Kinematics and Dynamics of the Five Most Common Techniques (Cinemática y Dinámica de las cinco técnicas más frecuentes), Comité Olımpico Espanol, Madrid, Taekwondo, 1993, 13.
  • [2] BUŚKO K., STANIAK Z., ŁACH P., MAZUR-RÓŻYCKA J., MICHALSKI R., GÓRSKI M., Comparison of two boxing training simulators, Biomed. Hum. Kinet., 2014, 6, 135–141.
  • [3] ČEPULĖNAS A., BRUŽAS V., MOCKUS P., SUBAČIUS V., Impact of physical training mesocycle on athletic and specific fitness of elite boxers, Arch. Bud., 2011, 7(1), 33–39.
  • [4] CONKEL, B.S., BRAUCHT, J., WILSON, W., PIETER, W., TAAFFE, D., FLECK, S.J., Isokinetic torque, kick velocity and force in Taekwondo, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 1988, 20(2), S5.
  • [5] FALCO, C., ALVAREZ, O., CASTILLO, I., ESTEVAN, I., MARTOS, J., MUGARRA, F., IRADI, A., Influence of the distance in a roundhouse kick's execution time and impact force in Taekwondo, J. Biomech., 2009, 42(3), 242–248.
  • [6] GUIDETTI L., MUSULIN A., BALDARI C., Physiological factors in middleweight boxing performance, J. Sports Phys. Fitness, 2002, 42(3), 309–314.
  • [7] KARPIŁOWSKI B., NOSARZEWSKI Z., STANIAK Z., A versatile boxing symulator, Biol. Sport, 1994, 11(2), 133–139.
  • [8] LI, Y., YAN, F., ZENG, Y., WANG, G., Biomechanical analysis on roundhouse kick in taekwondo, Proceedings of the 23th International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Beijing, China, 2005, 391–394.
  • [9] NIEN, Y.H., CHUANG, L.R., CHUNG, P.H., The design of force and action time measuring device for martial arts, International Sport Engineering Association, 2004, 2, 139–144.
  • [10] PĘDZICH, W., MASTALERZ, A., URBANIK, C., The comparison of the dynamics of selected leg strokes in taekwondo WTF, Acta Bioeng. Biomech., 2006, 8(1), 83–90.
  • [11] PIETER F., PIETER W., Speed and force in selected taekwondo techniques, Biol. Sport, 1995, 12, 257–266.
  • [12] RAMAZANOGLU N., Transmission of impact through the electronic body protector in taekwondo, Int. J. Appl. Sci. Technol., 2013, 3, 2.
  • [13] ROY B., BERNIER-CARDOU M., CARDOU A., PLAMONDON A., Influence of bandages on the strength of impact of punches in boxing, Can. J. Appl. Sport Sci., 1984, 9(4), 181–187.
  • [14] SAID ASHKER S.E., Technical and tactical aspects that differentiate winning and losing performances in boxing, Int. J. Perf. Anal. Sport, 2011, 11(2), 356–364.
  • [15] SAID EL ASHKER S., Technical performance effectiveness subsequent to complex motor skills training in young boxers, Eur. J. Sport Sci., 2012, 12(6), 475–484.
  • [16] SMITH M.S., DYSON R.J., HALE T., JANAWAY L., Development of a boxing dynamometer and its punch force discrimination efficacy, J. Sports Sci., 2000, 18(6), 445–450.
  • [17] WALIKO T.J., Biomechanics of the head for Olympic boxer punches to the face, Br. J. Sports Med., 2005, 39, 710–719.
  • [18] WĄSIK J., Kinematic analysis of the side kick in Taekwon-do, Acta Bioeng. Biomech., 2011, 13(4), 71–75.
Uwagi
PL
Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-9c145a51-69a1-47ab-a884-d9bf347f373d
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