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Utilization of recycle paper mill residue and rice husk ash in production of light weight bricks

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Resource recovery and utilization of industrial by-product materials for making construction material has gained significant attention across the world. In this research study, recycle paper mill residue (RPMR) and rice husk ash (RHA) are utilized to improve the properties of bricks. This research study evaluated the feasibility of utilizing RPMR and RHA for making construction bricks. A homogeneous mixture of RPMR–RHA–cement was prepared with varying amount of RHA (10–20% by weight) and RPMR (70–80% by weight) and tested in accordance with the IS codes. Characterization of RPMR and RHA was performed using XRF, TG-DTA, XRD and SEM techniques. The SEM monographs show that RPMR has a porous and fibrous structure. The TG-DTA characterization demonstrated that RPMR can withstand temperatures up to 280 °C. The results indicate that RPMR-bricks prepared from RPMR–RHA–cement combination are light weight and meet compressive strength requirements of IS 1077-1992. This novel construction material serves objectives of resource recovery through prudent solid waste management.
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Bibliogr. 9 poz., rys., tab., wykr.
  • Department of Civil Engineering, VNIT, Nagpur-10, Maharashtra, India
  • Department of Civil Engineering, VNIT, Nagpur-10, Maharashtra, India,
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, VNIT, Nagpur-10, Maharashtra, India
  • [1] S.P. Raut, R.V. Ralegaonkar, S.A. Mandavgane, Development of sustainable construction material using industrial and agricultural solid waste: a review of waste-create brick, International Journal of Construction & Building Materials 25 (2011) 4037–4042.
  • [2] S.P. Raut, R. Sedmake, S. Dhunde, R.V. Ralegaonkar, S.A. Mandavgane, Reuse of recycle paper mill waste in energy absorbing light weight bricks, International Journal of Construction & Building Materials 27 (2012) 247–251.
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  • [5] K.V. Harish, Fundamental investigations into performance of carbon-neutral rice husk ash as supplementary cementitious material, J. Trans. Res. (2010) (Board No. 2164; Washington DC: 35-26).
  • [6] E. Beagle, Rice Husk Conversion to Energy: Agricultural Service Bulletin 1978; 31, Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome.
  • [7] R. Kishore, V. Bhikshma, P.J. Prakash, Study on strength characteristics of high strength rice husk ash concrete, Procedia Engineering 14 (2011) 2666–2672.
  • [8] V. Saraswathy, H.W. Song, Corrosion performance of rice husk ash blended concrete, Construction and Building Materials 21 (2007) 1779–1784.
  • [9] R.M. Ferraro, A. Nanni, R.K. Vempati, F. Matta, Carbon neutral off-white rice husk ash as a partial white cement replacement, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 22 (2010) 1078–1083.
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