Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Interrogation zone determination in HF RFID systems with multiplexed antennas

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The operation of an anti-collision RFID system is characterized by the interrogation zone which should be estimated in any direction of 3D space for a group of electronic transponders. The interrogation zone should be as large as possible. However, the many problems in this area are due to the fact that energy can be transferred to transponders only on a limited distance. The greatest flexibility in developing RFID applications and shaping the interrogation zone can be achieved using the system with an antenna multiplexer. Therefore the problem of the interrogation zone determination in HF RFID systems with two orthogonal RWD antennas is presented in the paper. The perceived issues have been effectively dealt with and the solution has been proposed on the basis of the elaborated model. Conducted studies have been used to develop the software tool JankoRFIDmuxHF in the Mathcad environment. The research results are analysed in an example system configuration. The specialized measuring stand has been used for experimental verification of the identification efficiency. The convergence of the measurements and calculations confirms a practical usefulness of the presented concept of interrogation zone determination in anti-collision systems. It also shows the practical utility of the developed model and software tools.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 30 poz., rys., tab.
  • Rzeszów University of Technology Department of Electronic and Communications Systems W. Pola 2, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
  • Rzeszów University of Technology Department of Electronic and Communications Systems W. Pola 2, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
  • [1] Finkenzeller K., RFID Handbook. 3-rd ed., Wiley (2010).
  • [2] Ustundag A., The Value of RFID, Benefits vs. costs. Springer-Verlag (2013).
  • [3] Costa C., Antonucci F., Pallottino F., et al., A Review on agri-food supply chain traceability by means of RFID technology. Food Bioprocess Technol. 6(2): 353-366 (2013).
  • [4] ISO/IEC 14443, Identification cards – Contactless integrated circuit(s) cards – Proximity cards, Part 1: Physical characteristics, Part 2: Radio frequency power and signal interface, Part 3: Initialization and anticollision. on-line:
  • [5] ISO/IEC 15693, Identification cards – Contactless integrated circuit cards – Vicinity cards, Part 1: Physical characteristics, Part 2: Air interface and initialization, Part 3: Anti-collision and transmission protocol. on-line:
  • [6] ISO/IEC 18000, Information technology – Radio frequency identification for item management, Part 3: Parameters for air interface communications at 13,56 MHz. on-line:
  • [7] Jankowski-Mihułowicz P., Field conditions of interrogation zone in anticollision radio frequency identification systems with inductive coupling. Radio Frequency Identification Fundamentals and Applications Bringing Research to Practice, Turcu C. (Ed.), Chapter 1: 1-26, Intech (2010).
  • [8] Reinhold C., Scholz P., John W., Hilleringmann U., Efficient antenna design of inductive coupled RFID-systems with high power demand. Journal of Communications 2(6): 14-23 (2007).
  • [9] Chenxue Xu, Yuxiang Yan, Xiaoming Liu, Design of a long-range rectangular coil antenna for RFID access control system. Proc. Int. Conf. Antennas and Propagation, Loughborough, UK, pp. 420-423 (2013).
  • [10] Aerts W., Mulder E.D., Preneel B. et al., Dependence of RFID reader antenna design on read out distance. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56(12): 3829-3837 (2008).
  • [11] D’hoe K., Goemaere J.-P., Stevens N. et al., Automated design of an HF RFID loop antenna based on parametric geometry modification. Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. RFID, Orlando, FL, USA, pp. 1-7 (2014).
  • [12] Finkenzeller K., Pfeiffer F., Biebl E., Range extension of an ISO/IEC 14443 type a RFID system with actively emulating load modulation. Proc. 7th European Workshop on Smart Objects, Systems, Technologies and Applications, Dresden, Germany, pp. 1-10 (2011).
  • [13] Ahmad M.Y., Mohan A.S., Novel bridge-loop reader for positioning with HF RFID under sparse tag grid. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 61(1): 555-566 (2014).
  • [14] Soodmand S., Brown T.W.C., Gluhak A., Evaluation of HF band NFC/RFID antennas for smart shelf applications. Proc. 7th European Conf. Antennas and Propagation, Gothenburg, Swedish, pp. 1895-1898 (2013).
  • [15] Bouzakis A, Overmeyer L., Simulation analysis for the performance of integrated HF RFID antennas. Proc. 6th UKSim/AMSS European Symp. Computer Modeling and Simulation, Valetta, Malta, pp. 391-394 (2012).
  • [16] Kawdungta S., Phongcharoenpanich, C., Torrungrueng D., Design of flat spiral rectangular loop gate antenna for HF-RFID systems. Proc. Conf. Asia-Pacific Microwave, Macau, China, pp. 1-4 (2008).
  • [17] Benelli G., Parrino S., Pozzebon A., Possible configurations and geometries of long range HF RFID antenna gates. Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Wireless Communication Systems, Siena, Italy, pp. 46-50 (2009).
  • [18] Singh J., Roy S., Montero M., Roesner B., Evaluation of an innovative system for improving readability of passive UHF RFID tags attached to reusable plastic containers. Packag. Technol. Sci., 24: 137-146 (2012).
  • [19] Coughlin M.H., Davis K., Nee A. et al., RFID’s for airport luggage: why the introduction of radio frequency identification for tracking and handling luggage in airports faltered. Entrepreneurship and Innovation Strategy, Adner R. (Ed.): 1-19 (2010).
  • [20] Liard M., Leveraging RFID: the evolution of security and access control. Proc. 11th Annual Conf. and Exhib. RFID Journal Live, Orlando, Fla, USA (2013).
  • [21] Jankowski-Mihułowicz P., Kalita W., Pawłowicz B., Problem of dynamic change of tags location in anticollision RFID systems. Microelctron. Rel. 48(6): pp. 911-918 (2008).
  • [22] Zhou Zhigang, Applying RFID to reduce bullwhip effect in a FMCG supply chain. Advances in Computational Environment Science, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, 142: 193-199 (2012).
  • [23] Jankowski-Mihułowicz P., Węglarski M., Determination of 3-dimentional interrogation zone in anticollision RFID systems with inductive coupling by using monte carlo method. Acta Physica Polonica A, 121(4): 936-940 (2012).
  • [24] Rubinstein R.Y., Kroese D.P., Simulation and the Monte Carlo Method. 2-rd Ed., Wiley-Interscience (2007).
  • [25] Jankowski-Mihułowicz P., Węglarski M., Laboratory stand for measuring automatic identification process parameters in RFID system under conditions of spatial dynamic changes of object localization (in Polish). Measurement Automation and Monitoring (PAK) 58(11): 956-958 (2012).
  • [26] Texas Instruments, RI-I11-112x-03 Tag-it™ HF-I Plus Transponder Inlays Square, data sheet, SCBS824B (2014).
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.