Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
first last
cannonical link button

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-876228c8-6b16-42e9-8833-bccff28b9dbb

Czasopismo

Journal of Ecological Engineering

Tytuł artykułu

Decomposition of tars in microwave plasma – preliminary results

Autorzy Wnukowski, M. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The paper refers to the main problem connected with biomass gasification - a presence of tar in a product gas. This paper presents preliminary results of tar decomposition in a microwave plasma reactor. It gives a basic insight into the construction and work of the plasma reactor. During the experiment, researches were carried out on toluene as a tar surrogate. As a carrier gas for toluene and as a plasma agent, nitrogen was used. Flow rates of the gases and the microwave generator’s power were constant during the whole experiment. Results of the experiment showed that the decomposition process of toluene was effective because the decomposition efficiency attained above 95%. The main products of tar decomposition were light hydrocarbons and soot. The article also gives plans for further research in a matter of tar removal from the product gas.
Słowa kluczowe
EN tar   gasification   microwave plasma  
Wydawca Polskie Towarzystwo Inżynierii Ekologicznej
Czasopismo Journal of Ecological Engineering
Rocznik 2014
Tom Vol. 15, nr 3
Strony 23--28
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 16 poz. tab., rys.
Twórcy
autor Wnukowski, M.
  • Institute of Heat Engineering and Fluid Mechanics, Wrocław University of Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland, mateusz.wnukowski@pwr.wroc.pl
Bibliografia
1. Anis S., Zainala Z.A. Tar reduction in biomass producer gas via mechanical, catalytic and thermal methods: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 2011, 2355-2377.
2. Devi L., Ptasinski K.J., Janssen F.J.J.G. A review of the primary measures for tar elimination in biomass gasi cation processes. Biomass and Bioenergy, 24, 2003, 125-140.
3. Unal W.J.O., J. Andries, Hein K.R.G. Biomass and fossil fuel conversion by pressurised fluidised bed gasification using hot gas ceramic filters as gas cleaning. Biomass and Bioenergy, 25, 2003, 59-83.
4. Bridgwater A.V. The technical and economic feasibility of biomass gasification for power generation. Fuel, Vol. 74, 1995, 631-653.
5. Robert R.Z., Brown C., Suby A., Cummer K. Catalytic destruction of tar in biomass derived producer gas. Energy Conversion and Management, 45, 2004, 995-1014.
6. Nair S.A., Pemen A.J.M., Yana K., van Gompel F.M., van Leuken H.E.M., van Heesch E.J.M., Ptasinski K.J., Drinkenburg A.A.H. Tar removal from biomass-derived fuel gas by pulsed corona discharges. Fuel Processing Technology, 84, 2003, 161-173.
7. Pikoń K., Czekalska Z., Stelmach S., Ścierski W. Zastosowanie metod plazmowych do oczyszczania gazu procesowego ze zgazowania biomasy. Archiwum Gospodarki Odpadami i Ochrony Środowiska, 12, 2010, 61-72.
8. Wacławiak K. Research area for reactors with electric spark discharge, producing low-temperature plasma for cleaning of gas. Archives of Waste Management and Environmental Protection, 16, 2014, 69-76.
9. Tiejun Wang Jie Chang, Xiaoqin Cui, Qi Zhang, Yan Fu. Reforming of raw fuel gas from biomass gasification to syngas over highly stable nickel– magnesium solid solution catalysts. Fuel Processing Technology, 87, 2006, 421-428.
10. Tippayawong N., Inthasan P. Investigation of light tar cracking in a gliding arc plasma system. International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, 8, 2010, 1-16.
11. Kai Tao Naoko Ohta, Guiqing Liu, Yoshiharu Yoneyama, Tiejun Wang, Noritatsu Tsubaki. Plasma enhanced catalytic reforming of biomass tar model compound to syngas. Fuel, 104, 2013, 53-57.
12. Baofeng Zhao Xiaodong Zhang, Lei Chen, Rongbo Qu, Guangfan Meng, Xiaolu Yi, Li Sun. Steam reforming of toluene as model compound of biomass pyrolysis tar for hydrogen. Biomass and Bioenergy, 34, 2010, 140-144.
13. Salvado R.C.J., Farriol X., Montane D. Steam reforming model compounds of biomass gasification tars: conversion at different operating conditions and tendency towards coke formation. Fuel Processing Technology, 74, 2001, 19-31.
14. Andreas J. Mechanisms and kinetics of thermal reactions of aromatic hydrocarbons from pyrolysis of solid fuels. Fuel, 75, 1996, 1441-1448.
15. Young Nam Chun Seong Cheon Kim, Kunio Yoshikawa. Removal characteristics of tar benzene using the externally oscillated plasma reformer. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 57-58, 2012, 65-74.
16. Nogueira R.M.E., Sobrinho A.S.S., Couto B.A.P., Maciel H.S., Lacava P.T. Tar Reforming under a Microwave Plasma Torch, 27, 2013, 1174-1181.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-876228c8-6b16-42e9-8833-bccff28b9dbb
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.12911/22998993.1109118