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New magnitude scaling relations for earthquake early warning in the Alborz region, Iran

Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Rapid magnitude estimation relations for earthquake early warning systems in the Alborz region have been developed based on the initial first seconds of the P-wave arrival. For this purpose, a total of 717 accelerograms recorded by the Building and Housing Research Center in the Alborz region with the magnitude (Mw) range of 4.8–6.5 in the period between 1995 and 2013 were employed. Average ground motion period ( c ) and peak displacement ( P d ) in different time windows from the P-wave arrival were calculated, and their relation with magnitude was examined. Four earthquakes that were excluded from the analysis process were used to validate the results, and the estimated magnitudes were found to be in good agreement with the observed ones. The results show that using the proposed relations for the Alborz region, earthquake magnitude could be estimated with acceptable accuracy even after 1 s of the P-wave arrival.
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
1375--1382
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 26 poz.
Twórcy
autor
  • International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran, m.sasani@iiees.ac.ir
  • International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran, mrgh@iiees.ac.ir
autor
  • International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran, a.ansari@iiees.ac.ir
Bibliografia
  • 1. Alcik H, Ozel O, Wu Y-M, Ozel NM, Erdik M (2011) An alternative approach for the Istanbul earthquake early warning system. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 31:181–187
  • 2. Allen RV (1978) Automatic earthquake recognition and timing from single traces. Bull Seismol Soc Am 68:1521–1532
  • 3. Allen RM, Kanamori H (2003) The potential for earthquake early warning in Southern California. Science 300:786–789
  • 4. Allen RM, Gasparini P, Kamigaichi O, Böse M (2009) The status of earthquake early warning around the world: an introductory overview. Seismol Res Lett 80(5):682–693
  • 5. Böse M (2006) Earthquake early warning for Istanbul using artificial neural networks. Ph.D. thesis, Karlsruhe University, Germany
  • 6. Carranza M, Buforn E, Colombelli S, Zollo A (2013) Earthquake early warning for southern Iberia: a P wave threshold-based approach. Geophys Res Lett 40:4588–4593
  • 7. Colombelli S, Zollo A (2016) Rapid and reliable seismic source characterization in earthquake early warning systems: current methodologies, results, and new perspectives. J Seismol 20:1171–1186
  • 8. Cua G, Heaton T (2007) The virtual seismologist (VS) method: a Bayesian approach to earthquake early warning. In: Gasparini P, Manfredi G, Zschau J (eds) Earthquake early warning systems. Springer, New York, pp 85–132
  • 9. Ghayamghamian MR, Sasani M, Ansari A (2014) Determination of the fault slip using near-fault records. In: 16th Iranian geophysical conference, Tehran, Iran (in Persian)
  • 10. Heidari R, Shomali ZH, Ghayamghamian MR (2013) Magnitude-scaling relations using period parameters τc and τpmax for Tehran region, Iran. Geophys J Int 192:275–284
  • 11. Hsiao N-C, Wu Y-M, Shin T-C, Zhao L, Teng T-L (2009) Development of earthquake early warning system in Taiwan. Geophys Res Lett 36(2):L00B02
  • 12. Huang P-L, Lin T-L, Wu Y-M (2015) Application of τc*Pd in earthquake early warning. Geophys Res Lett 42:1403–1410
  • 13. Kanamori H (2005) Real-time seismology and earthquake damage mitigation. Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 33:195–214
  • 14. Kanamori H, Hauksson E, Heaton T (1997) Real-time seismology and earthquake hazard mitigation. Nature 390:461–464
  • 15. Mirzaei N, Gao M, Chen Y (1999) Delineation of potential seismic sources for seismic zoning of Iran. J Seismol 3:17–30
  • 16. Nakamura Y (1988) On the urgent earthquake detection and alarm system (UrEDAS). In: Proceedings of the 9th world conference on earthquake engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, Japan
  • 17. Olson EL, Allen RM (2005) The deterministic nature of earthquake rupture. Nature 438:212–215
  • 18. Peng CY, Yang JS, Zheng Y, Zhu XY, Xu ZQ, Chen Y (2017) New τc regression relationship derived from all P wave time windows for rapid magnitude estimation. Geophys Res Lett 44:1724–1731
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  • 20. Wu Y-M, Kanamori H (2005a) Experiment on an onsite early warning method for the Taiwan early warning system. Bull Seismol Soc Am 95:347–353
  • 21. Wu Y-M, Kanamori H (2005b) Rapid assessment of damage potential of earthquakes in Taiwan from the beginning of P waves. Bull Seismol Soc Am 95:1181–1185
  • 22. Wu Y-M, Kanamori H (2008) Development of an earthquake early warning system using real-time strong motion signals. Sensors 8:1–9
  • 23. Wu Y-M, Zhao L (2006) Magnitude estimation using the first three seconds P-wave amplitude in earthquake early warning. Geophys Res Lett 33:L16312
  • 24. Wu Y-M, Kanamori H, Allen R, Hauksson E (2007) Determination of earthquake early warning parameters, τc and Pd, for southern California. Geophys J Int 170:711–717
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Uwagi
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2019).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-84b4ddb6-243b-4cf2-8eed-607dc51ebc41
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