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Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics

Tytuł artykułu

Numerical investigations of the unsteady blood flow in the end-to-side arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis

Autorzy Jodko, D.  Obidowski, D.  Reorowicz, P.  Jóźwik, K. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the blood flow in the end-to-side arteriovenous (a-v) fistula, taking into account its pulsating nature and the patient-specific geometry of blood vessels. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methods were used for this analysis. Methods: DICOM images of the fistula, obtained from the angio-computed tomography, were a source of the data applied to develop a 3D geometrical model of the fistula. The model was meshed, then the ANSYS CFX v. 15.0 code was used to perform simulations of the flow in the vessels under analysis. Mesh independence tests were conducted. The non-Newtonian rheological model of blood and the Shear Stress Transport model of turbulence were employed. Blood vessel walls were assumed to be rigid. Results: Flow patterns, velocity fields, the volume flow rate, the wall shear stress (WSS) propagation on particular blood vessel walls were shown versus time. The maximal value of the blood velocity was identified in the anastomosis – the place where the artery is connected to the vein. The flow rate was calculated for all veins receiving blood. Conclusions: The blood flow in the geometrically complicated a-v fistula was simulated. The values and oscillations of the WSS are the largest in the anastomosis, much lower in the artery and the lowest in the cephalic vein. A strong influence of the mesh on the results concerning the maximal and area-averaged WSS was shown. The relation between simulations of the pulsating and stationary flow under time-averaged flow conditions was presented.
Słowa kluczowe
PL tętniak   anastomoza   choroba zatorowo-zakrzepowa   naprężenie styczne ścian  
EN aneurysm   anastomosis   arteriovenous fistula   thrombosis   wall shear stress   intimal hyperplasia  
Wydawca Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej
Czasopismo Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Rocznik 2016
Tom Vol. 18, nr 4
Strony 3--13
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 25 poz., rys., tab., wykr.
autor Jodko, D.
autor Obidowski, D.
  • Lodz University of Technology, Institute of Turbomachinery, Lodz, Poland
autor Reorowicz, P.
  • Lodz University of Technology, Institute of Turbomachinery, Lodz, Poland
autor Jóźwik, K.
  • Lodz University of Technology, Institute of Turbomachinery, Lodz, Poland
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Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-7e950b4b-3446-4de2-9110-1adda3328597
DOI 10.5277/ABB-00558-2016-02