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Edge Effects on Tree Growth and Species Diversity in Forests of Different Types and Ages

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Języki publikacji
Edge to interior gradients in forest ecosystems can influence the species composition and community structure as a result of variations in micro-environment. In this study, the edge effects on stand productivity and plant species diversity were investigated in two adjacent types of forests in central-southern China: Chinese fir adjacent with pine forests and Chinese fir adjacent with broad-leaved forests. A total of 48 sample plots for overstory and 240 sample quadrates for understory in different stand ages were set up. The tree growth parameters were measured in the overstory while the plant species diversity was measured in both overstory and understory of the examined forests. The results showed that DBH (tree diameter at the breast height), tree height and stand volume in overstory increased from the central areas (CA) of forests to the edge areas (EA), and the plant species richness and diversity in understory were greater in EA than in CA. The edge effect was greater in Chinese fir paired with broad-leaved forests than in Chinese fir paired with pine forests. The edge effect decreased in an order as young aged stands > middle aged stands > mature aged stands in the studied forests. The changes in tree growth and species diversity in the edge area compared to the interior were mainly attributed to the alteration of micro-environmental factors such as light density, temperature and moisture. Our results suggest increasing forest productivity and plant species diversity could be achieved by making more edges in the forests.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 33 poz., rys., tab., wykr.
  • Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410004, China
  • Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410004, China
  • College of Arts and Sciences, Lewis University, Romeoville, Illinois 60446, USA
  • Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410004, China
  • Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410004, China
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Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2019).
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