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The Distribution of Metals in Sediments of the Likova, Kumanova and Pçinja Rivers: Spring Season

Treść / Zawartość
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The pollution of rivers is an important issue because the utilization of polluted water has a direct effect on the health of people and other living beings, economy, etc. Sediments represent a very suitable indicator for monitoring and detecting pollution sources of river waters. The aim of this study is to analyze the contents of selected metals in the sediments of the rivers Likova, Kumanova and Pçinja rivers. The water samples were taken in June 2014 from six sampling stations. Several physicochemical parameters of rivers were determined and the contents of twenty-two metals was indicated in the sediment samples taken from these rivers. The obtained physico-chemical quality of the water from these rivers resulted in classification to the first/second category. The sediments were mostly polluted by Al, Ca, Na and Mg. The metals that exceeded the Dutch standard were: Ba, Ni, Zn, Cr and Cu. The order of metals in sediments was as follows: Fe > Al > Ca > Na > Mg > K > Mn > Ba > Sr > Cr > Zn > V > Ni > Cu > Pb > Li. The study results reveal a mild pollution in rivers caused by urban, agricultural and industrial activities.
Rocznik
Strony
80--92
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 18 poz,, tab., rys.
Twórcy
autor
  • University of Tetova, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Str. Ilindeni n.n., 1200 Tetova, Republic of Macedonia
autor
  • University of Prishtina, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Str. „Nëna Terezë” n.n., 10 000 Prishtina, Republic of Kosova
  • University of Tetova, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Str. Ilindeni n.n., 1200 Tetova, Republic of Macedonia, bujar.durmishi@unite.edu.mk
autor
  • University of Tetova, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Str. Ilindeni n.n., 1200 Tetova, Republic of Macedonia
autor
  • University of Tetova, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Str. Ilindeni n.n., 1200 Tetova, Republic of Macedonia
autor
  • University of Tetova, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Str. Ilindeni n.n., 1200 Tetova, Republic of Macedonia
autor
  • University of Tetova, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Str. Ilindeni n.n., 1200 Tetova, Republic of Macedonia
autor
  • University of Tetova, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Str. Ilindeni n.n., 1200 Tetova, Republic of Macedonia
Bibliografia
  • 1. APHA, AWWA, WEF. 1995. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 19th ed. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association/America Water Works Association/Water environment federation.
  • 2. Bekteshi A. 2014. Heavy Metals in the Shkodra Lake Ecosystem. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 15(3), 834–841.
  • 3. Dossis P. and Warren L.J. 1980. Distribution of heavy metals between the minerals and organic debris in a contaminated marine sediment. Ann Arbor Sci., Ann Arbor, MI, 119–127.
  • 4. Durmishi B.H. 2013. The study of the trihalomethanes (THMs) content variation with advanced analytical methods in the drinking water in the city of Tetova. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Tirana, Albania.
  • 5. Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment: Available at http://www.contaminatedland.co.uk/std-guid/dutch-l. htm (Accessed sep 2015)
  • 6. Salah E.A.M., Zaidan T.A., Al-Rawi A.S. 2012. Assessment of heavy metals pollution in the sediments of Euphrates river, Iraq. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 4, 1009–1023.
  • 7. Gehan M.E.G.E.K. 2012. Studies of Some Heavy Metals in Water and Sediment in El-Max Fish Farm, Egypt. World Applied Sciences Journal,18(2), 171–180.
  • 8. Jain C.K. 2004. Metal fractionation study on bed sediments of River Yamuna, India, Water Research 38, 569–578.
  • 9. Lewis D.W. and McConchie D.M. 1994. Analytical Sedimentology. Chapman and Hall. New York, USA.
  • 10. Malik N.B.A. 2010. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish tissues of a freshwater lake of Bhopal. Environ. Monit. Assess, 160, 267–267.
  • 11. Mandalia C.P. 2011. Impact of Environmental Pollution on Human Future. World Journal of Environmental Pollution, 1(2), 8–10.
  • 12. Mehdi Hosseini A.A. 2012. Concentrations of Heavy Metals in Selected Tissues of Blue Swimming Crab, Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Sediments from Persian Gulf. World Applied Sciences Journal, 19(10), 1398–1405.
  • 13. Mollazadeh N.F.M. 2013. Distribution of Metals, Chemical Partitioning, Pollution and Origins in Riverbed Sediment. World Applied Sciences Journal, 21 (5), 674–680.
  • 14. Oetken M.E. 2005. Impact of flood disaster on sediment toxicity in a major river system –the Elbe flood 2002 as a case study. Environmental Pollution, 134, 87.
  • 15. Rahimi S.M. 2012. Determination of Lead Residue in Raw Cow Milk from Different Regions of Iran by Flameless Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. American-Eurasian Journal of Toxicological Sciences, 4(1), 16–19.
  • 16. Sakan D.S, Dordevic D.S, Manojlovic D.D, Predrag P.S. 2009. Assessment of heavy metal pollutants accumulation in the Tisza river sediments. J. Environ. Manage., 90, 3382.
  • 17. Shanur Jahedul Hasan M.B. 2015. Physico-chemical characteristics and accumulation of heavy metals in water and sediments of the river Dakatia, Bangladesh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 300–304.
  • 18. Popova S.I., Stafilov T., Šajnc R. and Tanaselia C. 2015. Distribution of trace elements in sediment and soil from river Vardar basin, Macedonia/ Greece. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, 1–14.
Uwagi
PL
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2018).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-718245b4-3911-4627-a8f4-f2094895ace8
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