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Preventing irregularity effects of infills through modifying architectural drawings

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Experiences of past earthquakes show that some designed and constructed buildings by engineers have been damaged during earthquakes because of negative effects of infill walls. The main aim of this paper is to prevent the amount of overall detrimental effects of infill walls such as torsion and soft story in a conventional residential building based on seismic codes of some countries and to use the maximum potential of walls. The results show that building in construction condition may suffer torsion because infills which are not modelled in design process are attached to the structure in construction phase. Contrary to the initial impression that there is a soft story in municipal buildings because of parking on ground floor, in buildings with architectural plan similar to the analyzed one, soft story would not happen. Furthermore, this case study proves that it is possible to prevent irregularity effects of infills through modifying architectural drawings without fundamental changes in concept, functional and aesthetic aspects. For modifying architectural drawings an algorithm is proposed in this research.
PL
Doświadczenia ostatnich trzęsień ziemi pokazują, że niektóre budynki zaprojektowane i skonstruowane przez inżynierów zostały zniszczone podczas trzęsienia ziemi na skutek negatywnego wpływu ścian wypełniających. Głównym celem tego artykułu jest zapobieżenie tym szkodliwym wpływom takim jak skręcanie i wiotkie kondygnacje w tradycyjnych budynkach mieszkalnych w oparciu o normy sejsmiczne niektórych krajów oraz przy wykorzystaniu maksymalnego potencjału ścian. Wyniki pokazują, że budynki w trakcie budowy mogą cierpieć na skutek skręcenia z powodu wypełnień, które nie są modelowane w procesie projektowania, a dopiero dołączone do konstrukcji na etapie realizacji. Wbrew początkowemu wrażeniu, że ze względu na zlokalizowanie parkingu na parterze w budynkach komunalnych istnieje wiotka kondygnacja, w budynkach o rzucie zbliżonym do analizowanego do powstania wiotkiej kondygnacji nie dojdzie. Ponadto, ta analiza przypadku dowodzi, że jest możliwe, aby zapobiec wpływom wynikającym z nieregularności wypełnień poprzez modyfikację rysunków architektonicznych bez zasadniczych zmian w koncepcji oraz aspektów funkcjonalnych i estetycznych. W artykule przedstawiono propozycję algorytmu do modyfikowania rysunków architektonicznych.
Rocznik
Strony
77--92
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 36 poz.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran, anoorifard@iust.ac.ir
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
autor
  • Department of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Bibliografia
  • [1] Kaushik H.B., Rai D.C., Jain S.K.; Code Approaches to Seismic Design of Masonry-Infilled Reinforced Concrete Frames: A State-of-the-Art Review. Earthquake Spectra, Vol.22, No.4, 2006; p.961-983.
  • [2] Mondal G., Jain S.K.; Lateral stiffness of masonry infilled reinforced concrete (RC) frames with central opening. Earthquake Spectra, Vol.24, No.3, 2008; p.701-723.
  • [3] Tsai M., Huang T.; Effect of Interior Brick-infill Partitions on the Progressive Collapse Potential of a RC Building: Linear Static Analysis Results. Engineering and Technology, No.50; 2009; p.883-889.
  • [4] Rodrigues H., Humberto V., Aníbal C.; Simplified Macro-Model for Infill Masonry Panel. Journal of Earthquake Engineering, No.14, 2010; p.390-416.
  • [5] Pradhan P.M., Pradhan P.L., Maskey R.K.; A Review on Partial Infilled Frames under Lateral Loads. KathmanduUniversity Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol.8, No.1, 2012; p.142-152.
  • [6] Noorifard A., Tabeshpour M. R., Vafamehr M., Mehdizadeh Saraj F.; Effective Measures in Design Process of Conventional Medium-Rise Buildings to Prevent Detrimental Seismic Effects of Walls. 2nd Seminar on Structural Investigation of Non-Structural Elements, Tehran, Iran, 2014 (in Farsi).
  • [7] Noorifard A., Tabeshpour M. R., Mehdizadeh Saraj F.; Effect of Infills on Torsion and Soft Storey in a Conventional Residential Building in Tehran-Iran. 7th International Conference on Seismology & Earthquake Engineering (SEE 7), Tehran, Iran, 2015.
  • [8] Mostafaei H., Kabeyasawa T.; Effect of Infill Masonry Walls on the Seismic Response of Reinforced Concrete Buildings Subjected to the 2003 Bam Earthquake Strong Motion: A Case Study of Bam Telephone Center. Bull. Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, No.79, 2004; p.133-156.
  • [9] Erman E.; A Critical Analysis of Earthquake- Resistant Architectural Provisions. Architectural Science Review, Vol.48, No.4, 2005; p.295-304.
  • [10] Bachmann H.; Seismic Conceptual Design of Buildings – Basic principles for engineers, architects, building owners, and authorities. Office fédéral de l'environnement, SDC, 2003.
  • [11] Tabeshpour M.R.; Masonry Infill Walls in Structural Frames. Fadak Issatis Publisher, Tehran, 2009 (in Farsi).
  • [12] Mahdi T., Khorami Azar M., Khalili Jahromi K.; Partition Walls Types and Structural Design Issues; Research Report No R-569. Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran, 2010 (in Farsi).
  • [13] Tabeshpour M. R., Azad A., Golafshani A. A.; Seismic Behavior and Retrofit of Infilled Frames. Earthquake-Resistant Structures – Design, Assessment and Rehabilitation, Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/earthquake-resistantstructures-design-assessment-and-rehabilitation,2012.
  • [14] Dubey S. K., Sangamnerkar P. D.; Seismic Behaviour of Assymetric RC Buildings, IJAET, Vol.2, No.4, 2011; p.296-301.
  • [15] Moghadam H., Mohammadi M. Gh., Jahromi K. Kh.; Behavior of Single and Multilayer Infill Steel Frame Research Report No. R-555. Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran, 2010 (in Farsi).
  • [16] Charleson A.W.; Seismic Design for Architects Outwitting the Quake. Translated by Golabchi M., Sorooshnia E., 2nd Edition, University of Tehran Press, Tehran, 2011(in Farsi).
  • [17] Aliaari M., Memari, A.M.; Analysis of Masonry Infilled Steel Frames with Seismic Isolator Subframes. Engineering Structures, No.27, 2005; p.487-500.
  • [18] Key D.; Civil Engineering Design – Earthquake Design Practice for Buildings. Thomas Telford, London, 1988.
  • [19] Vicente R. S., Rodrigues H., Varum H., Costa A., da Silva J. A. R. M.; Performance of masonry enclosure walls: lessons learned from recent earthquakes. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Vol.11, No.1, 2012; p.23-34.
  • [20] Özmen C., Ünay A.; Commonly encountered seismic design faults due to the architectural design of residential buildings in Turkey. Building and Environment, No.42, 2007; p.1406-1416.
  • [21] Asteris P.G.; Lateral Stiffness of Brick Masonry Infilled Plane Frames. Journal of Structural Engineering, No.129, 2003; p.1071-1079.
  • [22] Zhao B., Taucer F., Rossetto T.; Field Investigation on the Performance of Building Structures during the 12 May 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in China. Engineering Structures, Vol.31, No.8, 2009; p.1707-1723.
  • [23] Arnold Ch.; Seismic Issues in Architectural Design. FEMA 454: Designing for Earthquakes, A manual for Architects, 2003.
  • [24] Mulgund G.V., Kulkarni A.B.; Seismic Assessment of RC Frame Buildings with Brick masonry Infills. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Sciences and Technologies, Vol.2, No.2, 2011; p.140-147.
  • [25] Yatağan S.; Damages and Failures Observed in Infill Walls of Reinforced Concrete Frame after 1999 Kocaeli Earthquake, ITU A|Z, Vol.8, No.1, 2011; p.219-228.
  • [26] Uva G., Porco F., Fiore, A.; Appraisal of masonry infill walls effect in the seismic response of RC framed buildings: a case study. Engineering Structures, No.34, 2012; p.514-526.
  • [27] Tabeshpour M.R.; Infilled Frames. Fadak Issatis Publisher, Tehran, 2013 (in Farsi).
  • [28] ShahnazariM. R.; Study of steel infilled frames behavior under lateral load in roof level. Doctor of Philosophy in civil engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran, 1998 (in Farsi).
  • [29] NZSEE (New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering); Assessment and Improvement of the Structural Performance of Buildings in Earthquakes. Recommendations of a NZSEE Study Group on Earthquake Risk Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand, 2006.
  • [30] Standard No 2800; Iranian Code of Practice for Seismic Resistant Design of Buildings, 4th Edition. Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran, 2015 (in Farsi).
  • [31] NBC 201(Nepal National Building code); Mandatory Rules of Thumb Reinforced Concrete Buildings with Masonry Infill. BabarMahal, Kathmandu,Ministry of Physical Planning and Works, Nepal, 1994.
  • [32] NBC 105 (Nepal National Building code); Seismic Design of Buildings in Nepal. Babar Mahal, Kathmandu, Ministry of Physical Planning and Works, Nepal, 1994.
  • [33] ASCE 7-10; Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures. American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, Virginia, United States, 2010.
  • [34] IS 1893 (Indian Standard); Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, Part 1: General Provisions and Buildings, Fifth Revision. Bureau of Indian Standard, New Delhi, 2002.
  • [35] Specification for Structures to be Built in Earthquake Areas; Ministry of Public Works and Settlement. Government of the Republic of Turkey, 2007.
  • [36] NZS 1170.5:2004; Structural Design Actions, Part 5: arthquake actions – New Zealand. Published by Standards New Zealand, New Zealand, 2004.
Uwagi
Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-6e1c3751-7cf4-4353-b4d0-5453ed08484e
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