Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
first last
cannonical link button


Archives of Transport

Tytuł artykułu

Stiffness and strength of structural layers from cohesionless material

Autorzy Gerber, Ulf  Sysyn, Mykola  Zarour, Jandab  Nabochenko, Olga 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN The deformation modulus and permissible stress are two independent parameters that depict the carrying capacity of foundations, including earthworks and ballast layer. Nevertheless, while designing the track superstructure or controlling its state, they are considered separate to each other, even though they are terms of the same measure. The scientific problem is due to the practical necessity of unified building rules and standards. The carrying capacity of earthworks and foundations is regulated with standards based both on deformation and on stress criteria, which are not related to each other. This plays particularly important role for railway ballast layer, as an intermediate between the solids and soil. The objective of the present research is to estimate the relationship between deformation modulus and the strength of ballast layer. An overview of modern approaches according to the relation between the stiffness, deformation modulus, elasticity and strength of soils and crushed stone is done. The strength of ballast layer is considered depending on the experimental test: the direct shear test, compressive strength in the uniaxial or biaxial stress state. Load transfer model in crushed stone is proposed. The load transfer angle and cone of loading distribution are determined based on the load transfer and compressive strength models. The relation between deformation modulus and strength is derived from two simple laboratory experiments with cohesionless ballast material. The experiment tests have shown that the ballast stiffness as well as its strength are influenced with the support stress. The measurement of elastic and residual settlements for the different support stress values enables to determine the relation. It can be potentially used for the development of methods for the ballast compaction control, unification of construction norms. The research result should be considered as an approach for unification of two different ways to reflect the carrying capacity of ballast layer.
Słowa kluczowe
PL warstwa niespoista   kruszywo   moduł odkształcenia   wytrzymałość   nośność  
EN ballast layer   crushed stone   deformation modulus   strength   carrying capacity  
Wydawca Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Transport
Czasopismo Archives of Transport
Rocznik 2019
Tom Vol. 49, iss. 1
Strony 59--68
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 23 poz., fot., rys., wykr.
autor Gerber, Ulf
  • Technical University of Dresden, Institute of Railway Systems and Public Transport, Dresden, Germany
autor Sysyn, Mykola
autor Zarour, Jandab
  • Technical University of Dresden, Institute of Railway Systems and Public Transport, Dresden, Germany
autor Nabochenko, Olga
  • Lviv branch of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, Department of the rolling stock and track, Lviv, Ukraine
[1] BOBE, R., HUBACEK, H., 1983. Soil Mechanics. Berlin: VEB publishing house for construction, 653p.
[2] DROŹDZIEL, J., SOWIŃSKI, B., 2010. Method of track vertical stiffness estimation based on experiment. Archives of Transport, 22(2), pp. 153-162, DOI: 10.2478/v10174-010-0009-y
[3] ENOMOTO, T., QURESHI, O.H., SATO, T., KOSEKI, J., 2013. Strength and deformation characteristics and small strain properties of undisturbed gravelly soils, Soils and Foundations, 53(6), pp. 951-965, DOI: 10.1016/j.sandf.2013.10.004
[4] ESVELD, C., 2001. Modern Railway Track. Second Edition, MRT-Production, Zaltbommel, The Netherlands, 653 p.
[5] FENDRICH, L., FENGLER, W., 2013. Handbuch Eisenbahninfrastruktur (Handbook Rail-way Infrastructure), Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 1105 p.
[6] FISCHER, S., 2017. Breakage Test of Railway Ballast Materials with New Laboratory Method. Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, 61(4), 794-802. DOI: 10.3311/PPci.8549.
[7] FISCHER, S., JUHÁSZ, E., 2019. Railroad Ballast Particle Breakage with Unique Laboratory Test Method, Acta Technica Jaurinensis, 12(1), 26-54. DOI: 10.14513/ac-tatechjaur.v12.n1.489.
[8] GÖBEL, C., FISCHER, R., LIEBERENZ, K., 2013. Handbuch Erdbauwerke der Bahnen Planung, Bemessung, Ausführung, Instandhaltung. Eurailpress, 2013, 551 p. ISBN-10: 3777104302
[9] GÖLDNER, H., HOLZWEIßIG, F., 1980. Guidelines for Technical Mechanics. Leipzig: VEB book publisher Leipzig, 667 p.
[10] GROSSONI, I., ANDRADE, A., BEZIN, Y., NEVES, S., 2018. The role of track stiffness and its spatial variability on long-term track quality deterioration. Proc IMechE Part F: J Rail and Rapid Transit 233(1) pp. 16–32. DOI:10.1177/0954409718777372.
[11] IZVOLT, L., HARUSINEC, J., SMALO, M., 2018. Optimisation of transition areas between ballastless track and ballasted track in the area of the tunnel Turecky vrch. COMMUNICATIONS Scientific Letters of the University of Zilina, 20(3), 67-76.
[12] IZVOLT, L., SESTAKOVA, J., SMALO, M., 2016. Analysis of results of monitoring and prediction of quality development of ballasted and ballastless track superstructure and its transition areas. COMMUNICATIONS Scientific Letters of the University of Zilina. 18(4):19-29.
[13] KOVALCHUK, V., KOVALCHUK, Y., SYSYN, M., STANKEVYCH, V. AND PETRENKO, O., 2018. Estimation of carrying capacity of metallic corrugated structures of the type multiplate mp 150 during interaction with backfill soil. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. Kharkov: 1/1 (91), pp. 18-26, doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2018.123002.
[14] LICHTBERGER, B., 2003. Handbuch Gleis: Unterbau, Oberbau, Instandhaltung, Wirtschaftlichkeit (Track Compendium: Formation, Permanent Way, Maintenance, Economics). Hamburg: Tetzlaff Verlag, 656 p.
[15] MCDOWELL, G.R., LIM, W.L., COLLOP, A.C., ARMITAGE, R., THOM, N.H., 2007, Laboratory simulation of train loading and tamp-ing on ballast. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Transport, 158(2), pp. 89-95, DOI: 10.1680/tran.2005.158.2.89
[16] NABOCHENKO, O., SYSYN, M., KOVAL-CHUK, V., KOVALCHUK, YU., PENTSAK, A., BRAICHENKO, S., 2019. Studying the rail-road track geometry deterioration as a result of an uneven subsidence of the ballast layer, Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 1/7 (97), 50-59. DOI: 10.15587/1729-4061.2019.154864
[17] RYBACKI, E., REINICKE, A., MEIER, T., MAKASI, M., DRESEN, G., 2015. What controls the mechanical properties of shale rocks? ‒ Part I: Strength and Young's modulus, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 135, pp. 702-722, 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2015.10.028
[18] SYSYN, M., GERBER, U., GRUEN, D., NABOCHENKO, O., KOVALCHUK, V., 2019a. Modelling and vehicle based measurements of ballast settlements under the common crossing. European Transport, 71(5), 1-25.
[19] SYSYN, M., GERBER, U., KOVALCHUK, V., NABOCHENKO, O., 2018. The complex phenomenological model for prediction of inhomogeneous deformations of railway ballast layer after tamping works. Archives of Transport, 47(3), pp. 91-107. DOI:
[20] SYSYN, M., NABOCHENKO, O., GERBER, U., KOVALCHUK, V. 2019b. Evaluation of railway ballast layer consolidation after maintenance works. Acta Polytechnica, 58(6), 77–87. DOI: 10.14311/AP.2019.59.0077
[21] UMRAO, R.K., SHARMA, L.K., SINGH, R., SINGH, T.N. 2018. Determination of strength and modulus of elasticity of heterogenous sedimentary rocks: An ANFIS predictive technique, Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 126, pp. 194-201, DOI: 10.1016/j. measurement.2018.05.064.
[22] WANG, B., MARTIN, U., RAPP, S. 2016. Vibration characteristic analysis of ballast with different aspect ratios by means of the discrete element method. Geotechnical Special Publication, (268 GSP), 16-23.
[23] WIECZOREK, S., PAŁKA, K., GRABOWSKA-BUJNA, B. 2018. A model of strategic safety management in railway transport based on Jastrzebska Railway Company Ltd. Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport. 2018, 98, pp. 201-210. ISSN: 0209-3324. DOI: 10.20858/sjsutst.2018.98.19.
PL Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2019).
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-6cafe172-ccb0-42b3-9924-c645cb1a58a4
DOI 10.5604/01.3001.0013.2776