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The development of the world fleet of electric vehicles in years 2010–2017 with emphasis on fuel-cell vehicles

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The article discusses the development of the world EV fleet in years 2010-2017. Estimates of fleet of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and BEV in the world are presented. The total number of PHEVs registered in the world in 2016 was roughly 800 thousand (650 thousand in EU). Despite the fact that the sale of electric vehicles has increased considerably in recent years, in particular over 1.1 million in 2017, and also hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) to approx. 760 thousand in 2017. The article also discusses the development of the electric vehicles market and annual new registrations of vehicles in a breakdown into respective countries. China is the definite leader in this area. In 2017 there were almost twice more BEVs registered in China than in the US and EU together. While the increase in the sale of BEVs in years 2016-2017 in the EU and the US accounted for approx. 50%, it came to over 90% in China. Among eight top worldwide BEV producers, there are four Chinese manufacturers. In the analysed 2017, there were slightly more than 7 thousand of hydrogen-fuelled passenger cars (FCEV) in use, with over 3,500 in the US, 2,300 in Japan and approx. 1,200 in Europe, and several hundred hydrogen-fuelled buses and several dozen hydrogen-fuelled trucks. The article also addresses the development of hydrogen refuelling stations (HRS) in recent years in different countries in the world, bearing in mind that the quantitative development of the hydrogen-fuelled car fleet is strongly associated with the number of hydrogen refuelling stations.
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autor
  • Motor Transport Institute Jagiellonska Street 80, 03-301 Warsaw, Poland tel.: +48 22 4385400, fax: +48 22 4385401 , wojciech.gis@its.waw.pl
autor
  • Motor Transport Institute Jagiellonska Street 80, 03-301 Warsaw, Poland tel.: +48 22 4385400, fax: +48 22 4385401 , maciej.menes@its.waw.pl
Bibliografia
  • [1] Chine: le programme, Hydrogene de les piles a combustible, Association francaise pour l’hydrogene et les plies Combustible memento pour l’hydrogen, Fiche 86, p. 8, Paris 2018.
  • [2] Closer look at the deployment of the fuel-cell EVs as December 2017, https://www.leaffuel cell.com/…/AFC%20TCP_survey%20status%20.
  • [3] Fuel Cell Bulletin, May 2018.
  • [4] Fuel Cell Bulletin, p. 3, October 2018.
  • [5] Fuel Cell Bulletin, p. 2, January 2019.
  • [6] Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report, US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Washington, pp. 21-22, October 2017.
  • [7] Global Ev outlook 2018, towards cross-model electrification, OECD/IEA, pp. 77, 2018.
  • [8] H2 Mobility, US DOE, Hydrogen Europe, Air Liquid after: How hydrogen empowers the Energy transition, Hydrogen Council, p. 9, 2017.
  • [9] Harrison, P. et al., Fuelling Europe’s Future, CFLPA, Euroelectric, European Climate Foundation, Nissan, SSE, Transport & Environment, Cambridge Econometrics, 2013.
  • [10] Highest increase of hydrogen refuelling station in Germany worldwide in 2018 again, TUV SudAmerica Inc., https://www.globenewswire.com/news-release2019/02/15/1726095/en/High est-increase-of-hydrogen-refuelling-station-in-Germany-wordwoide-in-2018-again.html.
  • [11] How hydrogen empowers the energy transition, Hydrogen Council, 2017.
  • [12] Hydrogen Scaling Up, A sustainable pathway for the global energy transition, Hydrogen Council, November 2017.
  • [13] Hyundai’s next-generation fuel cell vehicle NEXO Boats world’s best driving range, Hyundai Motor America, https://www.hyundainews.com/en/-us/release/2490, 19 February 2018.
  • [14] IHS forecasts FCEV production for each 69.000 up by 2027, IHS Markit, May 2016, https://ihsmarkit.com/researchanalysis/ihs-forecasts-fcev-production, 2016.
  • [15] International partnership for hydrogen and Fuel Cell in the economy, country update, November 2018-April 2019, https://www.iphe.net, access from 23 May 2019.
  • [16] MacEven, R., Our countdown of the top 5 developments in the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell, Industry in 2018, January 2019, https://blog.ballard.com/hydrogen-and-fuel-cell-industry and Wong A.: Status of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell related Business in China, ICEF, Tokyo, October 2018.
  • [17] The end of a long wait, 1 June 2018 https://www.daimler.com/innovation/next/the-end-of-a-long-wait.html.
  • [18] Weeda, M, et al., Towards a Comprehensive Hydrogen Infrastructure for Fuel Cell electric cars in View of EU GHG Reduction Targets, HIT European Project, 2014.
Uwagi
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2019).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-62d6d26a-3ad3-4934-9c65-540076e84fad
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