Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
first previous next last
cannonical link button


Prace Naukowe Instytutu Nafty i Gazu

Tytuł artykułu

Materia magnetyczna na granicach stratygraficznych fanerozoiku

Autorzy Zalewski, F. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
EN Magnetic materia on the Phanerozoic stratigraphic borders
Konferencja Geopetrol 2016 : Współpraca nauki i przemysłu w rozwoju poszukiwań i eksploatacji złóż węglowodorów : X Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowo-Techniczna : Zakopane 19--22.09.2016
Języki publikacji PL
EN Today, the origin of spherules (spheroids) is attributed to two sources: anthropogenic (industrial) and/or cosmic. Anthropogenic spherules are produced in an industrial processes such as metallurgy, welding, grinding. Before the rise of industry and the use of iron tools we can find only spherules of cosmic origin deposited in the sediments. Spherules of cosmic origin fall to the surface of the Earth all the time [2]. They are a product of the process of ablation and combustion of meteoroids and cosmic dust during their fall through the Earth’s atmosphere, leaving behind a bolid trail [8]. Another natural source of origin of these objects are explosions. After passage of an extra-terrestrial body through the atmosphere, it hits the surface of the planet causing explosions. A big part of rock from the ground and extra-terrestrial matter evaporates during those explosions. The rest of the ejected material falls on the surface of the planet in the form of lumps, spherules, breccia, etc., covering a large area around the epicentre of the outbreak, or the entire planet. It forms a thin layer of molten post-explosive residue, which with the passing time – measured in geological terms – is covered with subsequent layers of sediment and becomes a timestamp in these sediments. Concentration of this type of material indicates a regional or global catastrophe caused by falling of objects of cosmic origin on Earth. One of these events was a meteorite fall in the area of the Yucatan Peninsula. This event caused an effect of nuclear winter and extinction of a large number of species of plants and animals, which left a layer of sediment enriched in iridium around the globe. This layer containing iridium and spherules is considered a typical strato border between the Cretaceous and Paleogene (K-T boundary) sediments, dating back to 66 million years [1, 11]. Tests to detect the magnetic spherules and matter on the borders of lithostratigraphic have been taken in the course of shale gas explorations in Poland. Previous research of laboratory samples from five wells indicate that material of the cosmic origin in the form of spherules and magnetic material is present in a large number of geological period borders, epochs and some stratigraphic formations. These results, combined with literature reports [5, 9] indicate the prevalence of the magnetic matter and spherules on the lithostratigraphic borders, which in turn creates the possibility of using the presence of that matter to a faster (compared to the current methods) and more precise determination of the relevant, lithostratigraphic borders.
Słowa kluczowe
PL sferule   fanerozoik   materia magnetyczna  
EN spherules   Phanerozoic   magnetic materia  
Wydawca Instytut Nafty i Gazu - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Czasopismo Prace Naukowe Instytutu Nafty i Gazu
Rocznik 2016
Tom nr 209 wyd. konferencyjne
Strony 119--122
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 13 poz., zdj.
autor Zalewski, F.
  • Astrosphere Sp. z o.o.
[1] Alvarez LW., Alvarez W., Asaro F., Michel HV. – Extraterrestrial cause for the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction. Science 1980, 208 (4448), pp. 1095 – 1108.
[2] Bolewski A., Manecki A. – Mineralogia szczegółowa. Warszawa 1993.
[3] Crosier W. – Black, Magnetic Spherules in Sediments. Journal of Geophysical Research 1960, vol. 65, nr 9.
[4] Firestonea R., West A., Revay Z., Hagstrum J., Belgya T., QueHee S., Smith A. – Analysis of the Younger Dryas Impact Layer. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Engineering & Technologies 2010, 1(3), pp. 30 – 62.
[5] Jones K., Lawrence R., LeCompte M. – Survey of Post Last Glacial Maximum Environment: Unusual Soil Constituents in Rockyhock Bay Stratigraphy. Undergraduate Research Experience in Ocean, Marine, and Polar Science, 2010.
[6] Keller G. – Impact stratigraphy: Old principle, new reality. The Geological Society of America 2008.
[7] Kędzierski M., Rodriguez-Tovar J., Uchman A. – Vertical displacement and taphonomic filtering of nannofosils by bioturbation in the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary section at Caravaca. SE Spain. Lethaia 2011, vol. 44, pp. 321 – 328.
[8] La Violette P. – The Cause of the Megafaunal Extinction: Supernova or Galactic Core Outburst? (Twenty-Two Problems with the Firestone-West Supernova Comet Theory). 2007.
[9] Muszer A. – Charakterystyka sferul i minerałów akcesorycznych z wybranych utworów fanerozoicznych i antropogenicznych. 2007, ss. 118 – 144.
[10] Rasmussen B., Koeberl C. – Iridium anomalies and shocked quartz in a Late Archean spherule layer from the Pilbara craton: New evidence for a major asteroid impact at 2.63 Ga. Geological Society of America. Geology, December 2004, vol. 32, nr 12, pp. 1029 – 1032. Special Paper 437.
[11] Surovell T., Holliday V., Gingerich J., Ketron C., Vance Haynes C. Jr., Hilman I., Wagnerc D., Johnson E., Claeys P. – An independent evaluation of the Younger Dryas extraterrestrial impact hypothesis. 2009.
[12] Walker M., Johnsen S., Rasmussen S., Popp T., Steffensen J., Gibbard P., Hoek W., Lowe J., Andrews J., Björck S., Cwynar L., Hughen K., Kershaw P., Kromer B., Litt T., Lowe D., Nakagawa T., Newnham R., Schwander J. – Formal definition and dating of the GSSP (Global Stratotype Section and Point) for the base of the Holocene using the Greenland NGRIP ice core, and selected auxiliary records. Journal of Quaternary Science 2009, vol. 24(1), pp. 3 – 17.
[13] Zalewski F. – Patina on the bedrocks and monumental buildings of the Giza region, Egypt. IEA-03 Geophysical and geochemical archaeology. Oslo 2008.
Artykuł w części: Sekcja I. Poszukiwania złóż węglowodorów, 1. Geologia i geofizyka otworowa
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-5a0248fa-f048-43d0-adbe-2a1177a5c5af