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Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie

Tytuł artykułu

Experiences with gas engines during practical ship operations – impact of load fluctuations during generator operations on the ship’s power grid

Autorzy Rother, S.  Watter, H. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Liquefied natural gas (LNG) qualifies as sustainable and secure marine fuel that is reliable in supply. The international standards (IGF Code) and classification regulations have been aligned. First experiences in ship operations and design are now available. Initial reports from the practical ship operations show that the lack of knowledge and misjudgements of original equipment manufacturers (OEM’s), suppliers, consulting services and flag state authorities have led to operational restrictions or expensive retrofitting. The aim of this paper is to illustrate first experiences and operating instructions using this new and different marine fuel; derive recommendations for instructions for education and training programmes at maritime colleges, universities and business partners; present action recommendations for future operational concepts.
Słowa kluczowe
EN LNG   gas engine   dual-fuel engine   load fluctuation   MODELICA   simulation   fluid dynamics   thermodynamics   practical advice   ship operation  
Wydawca Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie
Czasopismo Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie
Rocznik 2018
Tom nr 55 (127)
Strony 44--50
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 9 poz., rys.
autor Rother, S.
autor Watter, H.
1. Herdin, G. (2012) Grundlagen Gasmotoren. PGES GmbH [Online] Available from: [Accessed: September 16, 2018].
2. Modelica (2018) [Online] Available from: [Accessed: June 25, 2018].
3. MWM (2016) Power plants layout with Gas Engines – Planning and Installation Notes. [Online] Available from: https: // [Accessed: June 25, 2018].
4. Renz, J.-P. (2018) Numerische Simulation von instationären Betriebszuständen eines LNG-Brennstoffsystems auf einem RoPax-Schiff. Master’s thesis in the study programme Systems Engineering, Flensburg University of Applied Sciences, Flensburg.
5. Rother, S. (2015) Ausbildungsanforderungen für den Schiffsbetrieb mit LNG. Schiffsbetriebstechnische Gesellschaft Flensburg.
6. Rother, S. (2017) Schiffsbetrieb mit LNG versus Schweröl. Schiffsbetriebstechnische Gesellschaft Flensburg.
7. Watter, H. (2013) Gas als Schiffsbrennstoff – Neue Anforderungen an die Qualifikation der Besatzungen. Ingenieurspiegel 2, pp. 76–78.
8. Watter, H. (2015) Regenerative Energiesysteme – Grundlagen, Systemtechnik und Analysen ausgeführter Beispiele nachhaltiger Energiesysteme. 4th edition. Wiesbaden: Springer-Verlag.
9. Watter, H. (2017) Hydraulik und Pneumatik – Grundlagen und Übungen – Anwendungen und Simulation. 5th edition. Wiesbaden: Springer-Vieweg-Verlag
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-572dac9c-205f-400d-ba99-f074af3b7dd9
DOI 10.17402/300