Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
first previous next last
cannonical link button


International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics

Tytuł artykułu

Evaluation of the Increased Accident Risk From Workplace Noise

Autorzy Toppila, E.  Pyykko, I.  Paakkonen, R. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Directive 2003/10/EC sets the requirement for evaluating the effect of noise on accident risk. Accident risk is elevated for workers with a hearing handicap because of their reduced speech intelligibility and reduced capability to perceive the direction of incoming sound. An audiogram is not a good method for the evaluation of these functions. To reduce accident risk, organisational and personal solutions are needed. For both methods, efficiency must be evaluated through proper risk assessment. Because practical guidelines are not available, this paper presents principles for accident risk evaluation techniques.
Słowa kluczowe
EN accident risk   hearing   noise   hearing protectors  
Wydawca Taylor & Francis
Czasopismo International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
Rocznik 2009
Tom Vol. 15, No. 2
Strony 155--162
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 22 poz., tab.
autor Toppila, E.
autor Pyykko, I.
  • Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Finland
autor Paakkonen, R.
  • Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Finland
1.World Health Organization (WHO). International classification of impairments, disabilities and handicaps. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 1980.
2.Hetu R, Getty L, Hung TQ. Impact of occupational hearing loss on the lives of the workers in occupational medicine. State of the art reviews. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Hanlay & Belfus; 1995.
3.Plomp R. A signal-to-noise ratio model for the speech-reception threshold of hearing impaired. J Speech Hear Res. 1986;29:146–54.
4.Barrenas M, Holgers K. A clinical evaluation of the hearing disability and handicap scale in men with noise induced hearing loss. Noise Health. 2000;6:67–78.
5.Toppila E, Laitinen H, Olkinuora P, Kuisma K, Perälä K. Development of hearing conservation program for Finnish National Opera [abstract]. In: Boone R, editor. The 2001 International Congress and Exhibition of Noise Control Engineering; 2001. p. 241. Retrieved March 6, 2009, from:
6.International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Acoustics—determination of occupational noise exposure and estimation of noise induced hearing impairment (Standard No. ISO 1999:1990). Geneva, Switzerland: ISO; 1990.
7.Girard M, Picard M, Simard M, Larocque R, Turcotte F, Simpson A, Roy S. Work-related accidents associated with noise-induced hearing loss and noisy workplace [paper presented at the 7th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, Vienna, Austria]; 2004.
8.Moll Van Charante AW, Mulder PGH. Perceptual acuity and the risk of industrial accidents. Am J Epidemiol. 1990;131:652–63.
9.Morata TC, Themann CL, Randolph RF, Verbsky BL, Byrne DC, Reeves ER. Working in noise with a hearing loss: perceptions from workers, supervisors, and hearing conservation program managers. Ear Hear. 2005;26(6):529–45.
10.Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). Medical standards for railroad workers, Washington, DC, USA: FRA; 2005. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from:
11.International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Ergonomics. Danger signals for public and work areas (Standard No. ISO 7731:2003). Geneva, Switzerland: ISO; 2003.
12.Laroche C, Gigure C, Osman R, Cheng Y. Detect sound and alarm locator: two practical tools to install acoustic warning signals in noisy workplaces. In: 1st European Forum on Effective Solution for Managing Occupational Noise Risks [CD-ROM]; 2007. p. 875–82.
13.Liedtke M. Risk by use of hearing protectors—expert programme supports SMEs in appropriate selection and use. Noise Health. 2005;7(26):31–7.
14.Liedtke M. Criteria for hearing protectors with good signal and speech audibility. In: 1st European Forum on Effective Solution for Managing Occupational Noise Risks [CD-ROM]; 2007. p. 1351–6.
15.European Committee for Standardization (CEN). Hearing protectors—recommendations for selection, use, care and maintenance—guidance document (Standard No. EN 458:2004). Brussels, Belgium: CEN; 2004.
16.Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG). Recommendation for use of hearing protectors during participation in road traffic (Recommendation No. BGI 673:2003). Koln, Germany: Carl Heinmans Verlag; 2003. In German. Retrieved March 6, 2009, from:
17.Directive 2003/10/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 February 2003 on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (noise). OJ. 2003;L42:38–44.
18.American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Methods for calculation of the speech intelligibility index (Standard No. ANSI S3.5:1997). New York, NY, USA: ANSI; 1997.
19.Hallberg LR, Barrenas ML. Group rehabilitation of middle-aged males with noise-induced hearing loss and their spouses: evaluation of short- and long-term effects. Br J Audiol. 1994;28(2):71–9.
20.Marcus-Bernstein C. Augiologic and nonaudiologic correlates of hearing handicap in black elderly. J Speech Hear Res. 1986;29:301–12.
21.Noble W, Gatehouse S. Interaural asymmetry of hearing loss, speech, spatial and qualities of hearing scale (SSQ) disabilities, and handicap. Int J Audiol. 2004;43:100–14.
22.Assessing, reducing and eliminating risk at source (Case studies report, TC WE 2007). Bilbao, Spain: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. In press.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-55818d7c-9321-4b04-9223-38ce1746dd65