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Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics

Tytuł artykułu

Comparative study of potential whiplash injuries for different occupant seated positionsm during rear end accidents.

Autorzy Omerovic, S.  Tomasch, E.  Gutsche, A. J.  Prebil, I. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Purpose: Whiplash injuries to the cervical spine represent a considerable economic burden on society with medical conditions, in some cases persisting for more than a year. Numerous studies of whiplash injuries have been made for occupant normal seated position, leaving the analysis of neck injuries for out-of-normal positions not well documented. For that purpose, a detailed human cervical spine finite element model was developed. Methods:The analysis was made for four most common occupant seated positions, such as: Normal Position with the torso against the seat back and the head looking straight ahead, Torso Lean forward position with the torso away from the seat back for approximately 10°, Head Flexed position with the head flexed forward approximately 20° from the normal position and HeadFlexed with Torso Lean forward position with the head flexed forward approximately 20° and torso 10° from the normal position. Results: The comparative study included the analysis of capsular ligament deformation and the level of S-curvature of the cervical spine. The developed model predicted that Head Flexed seated position and Head-Flexed with Torso Lean forward seated position are most threatening for upper and lower cervical spine capsular ligament respectively. As for the level of S-curvature, the model predicted that Head-Flexed with Torso Lean forward seated position would be most prone to neck injuries associated with it. Conclusions:This study demonstrated that the occupant seated position has a significant influence on potential whiplash injuries.
Słowa kluczowe
PL biomechanika   LS-Dyna   FEM   kręgosłup  
EN biomechanics   whiplash   LS-Dyna   FEM   spine  
Wydawca Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej
Czasopismo Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Rocznik 2016
Tom Vol. 18, nr 4
Strony 145--158
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 30 poz., rys., wykr.
autor Omerovic, S.
autor Tomasch, E.
  • Vehicle Safety Institute, Graz University of Technology
autor Gutsche, A. J.
  • Vehicle Safety Institute, Graz University of Technology
autor Prebil, I.
  • Mechanical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
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Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-4e31913e-1802-43be-9f14-907acea54e84
DOI 10.5277/ABB-00563-2016-03