Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
first previous next last
cannonical link button

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-4a66c8d8-e7de-4122-9ffb-e36cd2a60f9a

Czasopismo

Combustion Engines

Tytuł artykułu

Performance and emissions of a single cylinder diesel engine operating with rapeseed oil and jP-8 fuel blends

Autorzy Labeckas, G.  Kanapkienė, I. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Konferencja International Congress on Combustion Engines (5 ; 24-26.06.2013 ; Bielsko-Biala, Poland)
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The article presents experimental test results of a DI single-cylinder, air-cooled diesel engine FL 511 operating with the normal (class 2) diesel fuel (DF), rapeseed oil (RO) and its 10%, 20% and 30% (v/v) blends with aviation-turbine fuel JP-8 (NATO code F-34). The purpose of the research was to analyse the effects of using various rapeseed oil and jet fuel RO90, RO80 and RO70 blends on brake specific fuel consumption, brake thermal efficiency, emissions and smoke of the exhaust. The test results of engine operation with various rapeseed oil and jet fuel blends compared with the respective parameters obtained when operating with neat rapeseed oil and those a straight diesel develops at full (100%) engine load and maximum brake torque speed of 2000 rpm. The research results showed that jet fuel added to rapeseed oil allows to decrease the value of kinematic viscosity making such blends suitable for the diesel engines. Using of rapeseed oil and jet fuel blends proved themselves as an effective measure to maintain fuel-efficient performance of a Didiesel engine. The brake specific fuel consumption decreased by about 6.1% (313.4 g/kW·h) and brake thermal efficiency increase by nearly 1.0% (0.296) compared with the respective values a fully (100%) loaded engine fuelled with pure RO at the same test conditions. The maximum NOxemission was up to 13.7% higher, but the CO emissions and smoke opacity of the exhaust 50.0% and 3.4% lower, respectively, for the engine powered with biofuel blend RO70 compared with those values produced by the combustion of neat rapeseed oil at full (100%) engine load and speed of 2000 rpm.
Słowa kluczowe
PL silnik spalinowy   olej rzepakowy   wydajność silnika   emisja spalin  
EN diesel engine   rapeseed oil   JP-8 fuel   engine performance   exhaust emissions  
Wydawca Polskie Towarzystwo Naukowe Silników Spalinowych
Czasopismo Combustion Engines
Rocznik 2015
Tom R. 54, nr 3
Strony 13--18
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 18 poz., wykr.
Twórcy
autor Labeckas, G.
  • Power and Transport Machinery Engineering Institute, Engineering Faculty of Aleksandras Stulginskis University in Kaunas, Lithuania
autor Kanapkienė, I.
  • Power and Transport Machinery Engineering Institute, Engineering Faculty of Aleksandras Stulginskis University in Kaunas, Lithuania
Bibliografia
[1] Graboski M.S., McCormick R.L. Combustion of fat and vegetable oil derived fuels in diesel engines. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Elsevier, 2 (24), 1998, 125–164.
[2] Peterson C.L., Taberski J.S., Thompson J.C., Chase C.L. The effect of biodiesel feedstock on regulated emissions in chassis dynamometer tests of a pickup truck. Transactions of the ASAE, 6 (43), 2000, 1371–1381.
[3] Dorado M.P., Arnal J.M., Gomez J., Gil A., Lopez F.J. The effect of a waste vegetable oil blend with diesel fuel on engine performance. Transactions of the ASAE, 3 (45), 2002, 519–523.
[4] Lotko W., Lukanin V.N., Khatchiyan A.S. Usage of alternative fuels in internal combustion engines. Moscow: MADI (in Russian), 2000.
[5] Rakopoulos C.D. et al. Comparative performance and emissions study of a direct injection diesel engine using blends of diesel fuel with vegetable oils or bio-diesels of various origins. Energy Conversion and Management, 47, 2006, 3272–3287.
[6] Agarwal D., Agarwal A.K. Performance and emissions characteristics of jatropha oil (preheated and blends) in direct injection compression ignition engine. Applied Thermal Engineering, 27, 2007, 2314–2323.
[7] Luft M. et al. Optimization of injection of pure rape seed oil in modern diesel engines with direct-injection. SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-2031, 2007.
[8] Narayana Reddy J., Ramech A. Parametric studies for improving the performance of a Jatropha oil-fuelled compression ignition engine. Renewable Energy, 31, 2006, 1994–2016.
[9] Agarwal A.K. Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Elsevier, 33, 2007, 233–271.
[10] Murugesan A. et al. Bio-diesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines – a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13, 2009, 653–662.
[11] Labeckas G., Slavinskas S. Comparative performance of direct injection diesel engine operating on ethanol, petrol and rapeseed oil blends. Energy Conversion and Management, 3 (50), 2009, 792–801.
[12] Nygren E., Aleklett K., Höök M. Aviation fuel and future oil production scenarios. Energy Policy, 2009, 4003–4010.
[13] Vilutienė V., Labeckas G., Slavinskas S. Using of alternative fuels in a diesel engine (in Lithuanian). Management Journal of Management, 1 (22), 2013.
[14] McDonnell K.P., Ward S.M., McNulty P.B., Howard-Hildige R. Results of engine and vehicle testing of semirefined rapeseed oil. Transactions of the ASAE, 6 (43), 2000, 1309–1316.
[15] Altin R., Cetinkaya S., Yücesu H.S. The potential of using vegetable oil fuels as fuel for diesel engines. Energy Conversion and Management, 42, 2001, 529–538.
[16] Agarwal A.K., Rajamanoharam K. Experimental investigations of performance and emissions of Karanja oil and its blends in a single cylinder agricultural diesel engine. Applied Energy, 86, 2009, 106–112.
[17] Wang Y.D., Al-Shemmeri T., Eames P. et al. An experimental investigation of the performance and gaseous exhaust emissions of a diesel engine using blends of a vegetable oil. Applied Thermal Engineering, 26, 2006, 1684–1691.
[18] Labeckas G., Slavinskas S. Performance of direct-injection off-road Diesel engine on rapeseed oil. Renewable Energy, 6 (31) 2006, 849–863.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-4a66c8d8-e7de-4122-9ffb-e36cd2a60f9a
Identyfikatory