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Hip strategy alterations in patients with history of low disc herniation and non-specific low back pain measured by surface electromyography and balance platform

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Purpose: The appearance of pathology in the lumbar spine, such as a previous episode of low disc herniation or non-specific low back pain contributes to improper activation of the hip muscles. The aim of the study was to detect alterations in hip strategy manifested by differences in balance parameters and rectus femoris and gluteus maximus activity in people with previous episode of pain radiation to one lower limb caused by low disc herniation or non-specific low back pain. Methods: We studied 11 patients with history of low-disc herniation, 9 patients with history of non-specific low back pain and 10 healthy subjects. Hip strategy alterations were detected by measuring rectus femoris and gluteus maximus activity in bilateral surface polyelectromyographic recordings and by stability measurements on a balance platform. Results: In the surface polyelectromyography study, in both patients' group the value of the average amplitude was higher and the amount of the fluctuations was lower than in healthy subjects. There were no significant differences in stability parameters. Conclusions: A changed pattern of hip muscles activity was detected in the patients without changes in stability parameters. Greater disorder occurs in people in with previous episode of pain radiation to one lower limb caused by low disc herniation than in people with non-specific low back pain.
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Bibliogr. 32 poz., rys., tab.
  • Karol Marcinkowski Poznań University of Medical Science, Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation,
  • Karol Marcinkowski Poznań University of Medical Science, Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation
  • Karol Marcinkowski Poznań University of Medical Science, Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation
  • Karol Marcinkowski Poznań University of Medical Science, Pathophysiology of Locomotor Organs
  • Karol Marcinkowski Poznań University of Medical Science, Pathophysiology of Locomotor Organs
  • KarolMarcinkowski Poznań University of Medical Science, Pathophysiology of Locomotor Organs.
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