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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-462ead80-3551-45dd-b279-988051b9af2e

Czasopismo

Zeszyty Naukowe / Akademia Morska w Szczecinie

Tytuł artykułu

The methodology used in defining air pollution from ships mooring in ports

Autorzy Borkowski, T.  Nicewicz, G.  Tarnapowicz, D. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN Diesel main and auxiliary engines are main sources of air pollution from ships mooring in ports. Auxiliary engines are used in electrical grids that are essential for the operation of a ship. In many reports and academic publications the estimated amount of exhaust emission, calculated by means of the assumed marine auxiliary engine load factor, is used in order to assess the operation of marine power plants with respect to environmental protection. The factors influencing the marine auxiliary engine load factors are: the auxiliary engine excess power versus generator power and generator efficiency. However, these factors are rarely taken into account. In the present paper the importance of engine excess power and the efficiency of marine generating sets for the evaluation of real auxiliary engines load and exhaust emission related to it is discussed. Besides, the results of in-service experience of exhaust emission from marine auxiliary engines on the example of Ro-Pax vessel are presented.
Słowa kluczowe
EN generator efficiency   electric power load   marine auxiliary engines   exhaust gas emission  
Wydawca Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie
Czasopismo Zeszyty Naukowe / Akademia Morska w Szczecinie
Rocznik 2013
Tom nr 36 (108) z. 2
Strony 17--22
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 11 poz., rys., tab.
Twórcy
autor Borkowski, T.
autor Nicewicz, G.
autor Tarnapowicz, D.
Bibliografia
1. BORKOWSKI T., NICEWICZ G., TARNAPOWICZ D.: Ships mooring in the port as a threat to our natural environment. Management Systems in Production Engineering 2(6), 2012.
2. BORKOWSKI T., TARNAPOWICZ D.: “Shore to ship” system – an alternative electric power supply in port. Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2012.
3. TARNAPOWICZ D.: An alternative power supply: the use of ships in port as an environmentally friendly solution. Studies & Proceedings of Polish Association for Knowledge Management 45, 2011/304, 2011.
4. Entec UK Limited: European Commission: Quantification of emissions from ships associated with ship movements between ports in the European Community. Final Report, July 2002.
5. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Current Methodologies in Preparing Mobile. Source Port-Related Emission Inventories, Final Report, Prepared by IFC International, April 2009.
6. NICEWICZ G., TARNAPOWICZ D.: Assessment of marine auxiliary engines load factor in port. Management Systems in Production Engineering 3(7), 2012.
7. MATUSZAK Z., NICEWICZ G.: Assessment of Hitherto Existing Identification Tests of Marine Electric Power Systems Loads. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 18, No. 2A (2009), 110–116, HARD Publishing Company, Olsztyn 2009.
8. LATEK W.: Zarys Maszyn Elektrycznych. WNT, Warszawa 1974.
9. ABB: Low Voltage Synchronous Generators for Industrial Applications. Technical Specifications AMG 2012, http://www.abb.com/product/, 2012.
10. MARELLI: Industrial/marine applications Synchronous Generators. Technical Specifications, MARELLIGENERATORS, www.marellimotori.com/MMCP/, 2012.
11. ISO: Reciprocating internal combustion engines, Exhaust emission measurement, part 3 – Definitions and methods of measurement of exhaust gas smoke under steady-state conditions. ISO 8178-3:1994.
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