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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-452367c9-bcdc-4a01-b4d8-1da576658c6b

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Green rocket propulsion research and development at the institute of aviation : problems and perspectives

Autorzy Surmacz, P. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The paper presents the main activities of the Institute of Aviation (IoA) in the field of chemical rocket propulsion. The relatively "fresh" research and development team performed many useful works within the last 5 years, starting from the strategy and ideas. Nowadays, the Space Technology Department of IoA acts as a member of international consortia realizing space projects, as well as itself working on its own assignments financed by the European Space Agency (ESA) and IoA funds. The important development aspect of rocket propulsion developed at IoA is the use of "green" propellants. These are chemicals, which are relatively safe for the environment and personnel, being a very promising alternative for storable toxic substances, e.g. hydrazine and derivatives, nitrogen tetroxide. R&D activities of STD are based on the use of Rocket Grade Hydrogen Peroxide (RGHP), also known as High Test Peroxide (HTP). This high-performance mono-propellant and oxidizer is regarded by European entities as one of the most promising candidates to replace hydrazine and its derivatives in the future. Due to numerous advantages, hydrogen peroxide is better suited for systems with human interaction that most of other propellant combinations. The paper contains selected results of research on green rocket propulsion performed at IoA, in which 98% hydrogen peroxide was used as oxidizer and monopropellant. Three types of rocket engines: monopropellant, liquid bipropellant and hybrid have been investigated and are still being developed.
Słowa kluczowe
EN propulsion   rocket engine   experimental research   green propellant   hydrogen peroxide  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2016
Tom Vol. 23, No. 1
Strony 337--344
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 26 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Surmacz, P.
  • Institute of Aviation Krakowska Avenue 110/114, 02-256 Warszawa, Poland tel.:+48 22 846 00 11, fax: +48 22 868 51 07, pawel.surmacz@ilot.edu.pl
Bibliografia
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[3] Baumgartner, H. J., Hood, G. C., Monger, J. M., Sanborn, C. E., Decomposition of concentrated hydrogen peroxide on silver II. High temperature decomposition, Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 2, pp. 415-420, 1963.
[4] Boublik, T., Fried, V., and Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances. Second Revised Edition, Elsevier, Amsterdam 1984.
[5] Daubert, T. E., Danner, R. P., Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals Data Compilation, Washington, D.C., Taylor and Francis, 1989.
[6] Davis, D. D., Dee, L. A., Greene, B., Hornung, S. D., McClure, M. B., Rathgeber, K. A., Fire, explosion, compatibility and safety hazards of hydrogen peroxide, NASA/TM-2004-213151, 2005.
[7] European Chemicals Agency, Agreement of the Member State Committee on the identification of hydrazine as a substance of very high concern, 2011.
[8] Giguere, P. A., The Thermal Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide Vapour, Canadian Journal of Research, Vol. 25(2), pp. 135-150, 1947.
[9] Gordon, S., McBride, B. J., Computer Program for Calculation of Complex Chemical Equilibrium Compositions and Applications – II. User's Manual and Program Description, NASA Ref Publ., No. 1311, 1996.
[10] International Agency for Research on Cancer, Some aromatic amines, hydrazine and related substances, n-nitroso compounds and miscellaneous alkylating agents, evaluation of cancerogenic risk of chemicals to man, Lyon: WHO, 1974.
[11] Kao, Y. H., Chong, C. H., Ng, W. T., Lim, D., Hydrazine inhalation hepatotoxicity, Occup Med 57, pp. 535–537, 2007.
[12] Kimball, R. F., The mutagenicity of hydrazine and some of its derivatives. Mutation Research/Reviews in Genetic Toxicology 2, Vol. 39, pp. 111-126, 1977.
[13] Marshall, W. M., Deans, M. C., Recommended figures of merit for green monopropellants, 41st AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, San Jose, 2013.
[14] McLane C. K., Hydrogen peroxide in the thermal hydrogen oxygen reaction I. Thermal decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, Journal of Chemical Phisics, Vol. 17(4), pp. 379-385, 1949.
[15] Pappas, S., Facts about silver, http://www.livescience.com/37040 silver.html, 2014.
[16] Pirault-Roy, L., Kappenstein, C., Guerin, M., Eloirdi, R., Pillet, N., Hydrogen peroxide decomposition on various supported catalysts effect of stabilizers, Journal of Propulsion and Power, 18 (6), pp. 1235-1241, 2002.
[17] Romeo, L., Torre, L., Pasini, A., Cervone, A., d'Agostino, L., Performance of different catalysts supported on alumina spheres for hydrogen peroxide decomposition, 43rd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit Cincinnati, OH, 2007.
[18] Rusek, J. J., New decomposition catalysts and characterization techniques for rocket-grade hydrogen peroxide, Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol.12 (3), pp. 574-579, 1996.
[19] Scharlemann, C., General assessment of green propellants, GRASP Report, 2009.
[20] Shumb, W. C., Satterfield, C. N. i Wentworth, R. L., Hydrogen peroxide. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1954.
[21] Sotaniemi, E., Hirvonen, J., Isomaki, H., Takkunen, J., Kaila, J., Hydrazine toxicity in the human. Report of the fatal case, Ann. Clin. Res. 3, pp. 30-33, 1971.
[22] Surmacz, P., Influence of various types of Al2O3/MnxOy catalysts on performance of a 100 mm chamber for decomposition of 98%+ hydrogen peroxide, Transactions of the Institute of Aviation, Vol. 240, pp. 58-68, 2015.
[23] Surmacz, P., Rarata, G., Investigation of spontaneous ignition in a 100 N HTP/HTPB hybrid rocket engine, Transactions of the Institute of Aviation, Vol. 240, pp. 69-79, 2015.
[24] Valencia-Bel, F., Green Propulsion. State-of-art, prospectives and roadmap, 2015.
[25] Wernimont, E. J., Hydrogen Peroxide catalyst beds: lighter and better than liquid injectors, 41st AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, Tuscon, AZ, 2005.
[26] Wernimont, E. J., Ventura, M., Grubelich, M. C., Vaughn, M. R., Escapule, W. R., Low temperature start & operation capability of 82% hydrogen peroxide gas generators, 5th International Space Propulsion Conference, Heraklion, 2008.
Uwagi
PL Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-452367c9-bcdc-4a01-b4d8-1da576658c6b
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.5604/12314005.1213534