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Gaseous Pollutants – a Case Study of Land-Use Change “Before-After” on the Example of a New Road with Medium Traffic. Part II

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PL
Zanieczyszczenia gazowe – studium przypadku zmiany sposobu użytkowania terenu na przykładzie nowej drogi o średnim natężeniu ruchu. Część II
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The article showed the continuation of tests on the impact of road traffic on the air quality. The paper presents results of studies on the concentration of light hydrocarbons (BTEX) and SO2, as well as NO2 in the vicinity of a medium traffic road. The presented approach differs from the previous ones with the method of obtaining results for the reference state, which previously were set out in the same sites, in which later were investigated the effect of motor traffic on the qualities of the air. As absorbents – BTEX and SO2, as well as NO2, passive samplers, respectively with activated carbon and a triethanolamine-impregnated filter were used in the research study. The samplers were exposed twice at the same area for a period of 30 days, in April 2004 (an area without human intervention) and in 2012 (an area of operation). The study was conducted on the area of 3.5 km of the current section of the northern ring road of Opole (PL). Qualitative and quantitative indications were performed using gas chromatography. It was shown that the change of land-use, which is the exploitation of new road, will increase concentrations of BTEX and NO2 in the air. It was found that the road transport plays a marginal role as a source of SO2. It was indicated that the speed of vehicles is one of the key factors influencing the degree of air degradation.
PL
Artykuł przedstawia kontynuację badań nad wpływem ruchu drogowego na jakość powietrza atmosferycznego. Praca przedstawia wyniki badań dotyczących stężenia lekkich węglowodorów aromatycznych (BTEX) oraz SO2 i NO2 w sąsiedztwie drogi o średnim natężeniu ruchu. Zaprezentowane podejście różni się od dotychczasowych sposobem uzyskania wyników dla stanu odniesienia, które wcześniej określono w tych samych miejscach, w których później badano wpływ ruchu pojazdów silnikowych na walory powietrza. Do badań, jako absorbery BTEX oraz SO2 i NO2, wykorzystano mierniki pasywne, odpowiednio z węglem aktywnym i filtrem nasączonym trietanoalaminą. Mierniki eksponowano dwukrotnie w tym samym terenie przez okres 30 dni w miesiącu kwietniu, w 2004 (teren pozbawiony ingerencji ludzkiej) i 2012 roku (teren eksploatowany). Badania prowadzono na obszarze 3.5 km obecnego odcinka północnej obwodnicy Opola (PL). Oznaczenia jakościowe i ilościowe wykonano przy użyciu chromatografii gazowej. Wykazano, że zmiana sposobu użytkowania terenu, jakim jest eksploatacja nowej drogi, powoduje przyrost stężeń BTEX i NO2 w powietrzu. Stwierdzono, że transport drogowy odgrywa marginalną rolę jako źródło SO2. Wykazano, że prędkość pojazdów jest jednym z kluczowych czynników wpływających na stopień degradacji powietrza.
Rocznik
Strony
415--425
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 41 poz., tab., wykr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Thermal Engineering and Industrial Facilities, Faculty of Mechanical Endineering, Opole University of Technology, ul. Mikołajczyka 5, 45–271 Opole, Poland, phone: +48 77 4498457; fax: +48 77 449 99 24, t.olszowski@po.opole.pl
Bibliografia
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Uwagi
EN
Part I – Ecol Chem Eng A. 2012;19(10):1173-1184.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-401195bd-6f84-4786-b760-bf6d4a55256b
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