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A comparison of impact force reduction by polymer materials used for mouthguard fabrication

Treść / Zawartość
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose: The essential function of mouthguards is protection against the effects of injuries sustained during sports activities. This purpose will be successfully achieved if appropriate materials ensuring sufficient reduction of the injury force are used for mouthguard fabrication. Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the force reduction capability of selected materials as well as to identify which material reduces the impact force to the highest degree. Methods: The material for the study were samples of polymers (6 samples in total), obtained during the process of deep pressing (2 samples), flasking (3 samples) and thermal injection (1 sample), which were tested for impact force damping using an impact device – Charpy impact hammer. The control group comprised of the ceramic material samples subjected to the hammer impact. The statistical analysis applied in this study were one-way Welch ANOVA with post-hoc Games-Howell pairwise comparisons. Results: The test materials reduced the impact force of the impact hammer to varying degrees. The greatest damping capability was demonstrated for the following materials: Impak with 1:1 powder-to-liquid weight ratio polymerized with the conventional flasking technique, and Corflex Orthodontic used in the thermal injection technique of mouthguard fabrication. Conclusions: Impak with 1:1 weight ratio and Corflex Orthodontic should be recommended for the fabrication of mouthguards since they demonstrated the most advantageous damping properties.
Rocznik
Strony
89--95
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 29 poz., rys., tab., wykr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, kmankamalara@gmail.com
  • Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Department of Mechanics and Applied Computer Science, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
autor
  • Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Psychology Department, Warsaw University, Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] PATRICK D.G., VAN NOORT R., FOUND M.S., Scale of protection and the various types of sports mouthguards, Br. J. Sports Med., 2005, 39, 278–281.
  • [2] KNAPIK J.J., MARSHALL S.W., LEE R.B., DARAKJY S.S., JONES S.B., MITCHENER T.A., DELA CRUZ G.G,. JONES B.H., Mouthguards in Sport Activities. History, Physical Properties and Injury Prevention Effectiveness, Sports Med., 2007, 37, 117–144.
  • [3] CRAIG R.G., GODWIN W.C., Properties of athletic mouth protectors and materials, J. Oral. Rehab., 2002, 29, 146–150.
  • [4] GOING R.E., LOEHMAN R.E., CHAN M.S., Mouthguard materials: their physical and mechanical properties, J. Am. Dent. Assoc., 1974, 89, 132–138.
  • [5] GAWLAK D., ŁOJSZCZYK R., Materials and techniques used in manufacturing mouthguards, Stomatologia Współczesna, 2010, 1, 8–15.
  • [6] CRAIG R.G., POWERS J.M., Dental Materials, Urban & Partner, Elsevier, Wrocław 2008.
  • [7] MARCINIAK J., KACZMAREK M., ZIĘBOWICZ A., Biomaterials in dentistry, Silesian University of Technology Press, Gliwice 2009.
  • [8] PIELICHOWSKI K., Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), Laboratorium, 2009.
  • [9] DUHAIME C.F., WHITMYER C., BUTLER R., KUBAN B., Comparison of forces transmitted through different EVA mouthguards, Dent. Traumatol., 2006, 22, 186–192.
  • [10] BRONIEWSKI T., KAPKO J., PŁACZEK W., THOMALLA J., Testing and evaluation of the properties of plastics, WNT, Warszawa 2000.
  • [11] BULSARA Y.R., MATTHEW I.R., Forces transmitted through a laminated mouthguard material with Sorbothane insert, Endod. Dent. Traumatol., 1998, 14, 45–47.
  • [12] DEWET F., HEYNS M., PRETORIUS J., Shock absorption potential of different mouth guard materials, J. Prosthet. Dent., 1999, 82, 301–306.
  • [13] GREASLEY A., IMLACH G., KARET B., Application of a standard test to the in vitro performance of mouthguards, Br. J. Sports Med., 1998, 32, 17–19.
  • [14] HOFFMANN J., ALFTER G., RUDOLPH N.K., GOZ G., Experimental comparative study of various mouthguards, Endod. Dent. Traumatol., 1999, 15, 157–163.
  • [15] WESTERMAN B., STRINGFELLOW P.M., Forces transmitted through EVA mouthguard materials of different types and thickness, Aust. Dent. J., 1995, 40, 389–391.
  • [16] GAWLAK D., MAŃKA K., Mouthguards strength evaluation – a review of the literature, Protet. Stomatol., 2011, 6, 490–495.
  • [17] TAKEDA T., ISHIGAMI K., HANDA J. et al., Does hard insertion and space improve shock absorption ability of mouthguard?, Dent. Traumatol., 2006, 22, 77–82.
  • [18] WESTERMAN B., STRINGFELLOW P., ECCLESTON J., EVA mouthguards: how thick should they be?, Dent. Traumatol., 2002, 18, 24–27.
  • [19] CRAIG R.G., GODWIN W.C., Physical properties of materials for custom – made mouth protectors, J. Mich. Dent. Assoc., 1967, 49, 34–38.
  • [20] PARK J.B., SHAULL K.L., OVERTON B., DONLY K.J., Improving mouth guards, J. Prosthet. Dent., 1994, 72, 373–380.
  • [21] TAKEDA T., ISHIGAMI K., KAWAMURA S., NAKAJIMA K., SHIMADA A., SUMII T., SWAIN M., Adhesive strength and its improvement referring to the laminated-type mouthguard, Dent. Traumatol., 2006, 22, 205–214.
  • [22] AUROY P., DUCHATERLARD P., ZMANTAR N., HENNEQUIN M., Hardness and shock absorption of silicone rubber for mouth guards, J. Prosthet. Dent., 1996, 75, 463–471.
  • [23] OIKARINEN K.S., SALONEN M.A., KORHONEN J., Comparison of the guarding capacities of mouth protectors, Endod. Dent. Traumatol., 1993, 9, 115–119.
  • [24] GREASLEY A., KARET B., Towards the development of a standard test procedure for mouthguard assessment, Br. J. Sports Med., 1997, 31, 31–35.
  • [25] MORIKAWA M., TANIGUCHI H., OHYAMA T., Evaluation of athletic mouthguards through vibration test on maxillary teeth of human dry skull, J. Med. Dent. Sci., 1998, 45, 9–18.
  • [26] TAKEDA T., ISHIGAMI K., OGAWA T. et al., Are all mouthguards the same and safe to use. The influence of occlusal supporting mouthguards in decreasing bone dis tortion and fractures, Dent. Traumatol., 2004, 20, 150– 156.
  • [27] TAKEDA T., ISHIGAMI K., The influence of the sensor type on the measured impact absorption of mouthguard material, Dent. Traumatol., 2004, 20, 29–35.
  • [28] SPINAS E., SAVASTA A., Prevention of traumatic dental lesions: cognitive research on the role of mouthguards during sport activities in paediatric age, Eur. J. Paediatr. Dent., 2007, 8, 193–198.
  • [29] GAWLAK D., MAŃKA-MALARA K., MIERZWIŃSKA-NASTALSKA E., WAŚNIEWSKI B., RYSZKOWSKA J., Comparison of hardness, energy absorption and water absorbability of polymeric materials used in manufacture of mouthguards, Dent. Med. Probl., 2015, 52, 78–85.
Uwagi
Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (zadania 2017).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-3c87b31f-e136-4fa1-ae03-cfdd085ec0db
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