Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
first last
cannonical link button


Acta Chromatographica

Tytuł artykułu

Study of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons content in gas released from burning mine waste dump

Autorzy Smoliński, A.  Kuna-Gwoździewicz, P.  Łączny, M.  Bąk, A. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Burning mine waste dumps release gases of significant content of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The main objective of the study was to determine the PAHs concentrations in gas sampled from the burning mine waste dump located in Ruda Śląska, Upper Silesia, Poland (N 50°16′46.2″; E 18°51′02.4″). Determination of the level of PAHs content in gas released from burning mine waste dumps is essential for an assessment of its potential environmental risk to human health and the environment. Gas sampling was conducted in 2011 using fixed sorbent type polyurethane foam with a quartz fiber filter and the aspirator. Burning zones were selected based on the assessment of a thermal activity, i.e., measurements of surface and subsurface (at the depth of 1 m) temperatures and determination of the composition of gas at the depth of 1 m (CO2, CO and O2 content). The techniques of pressure-liquid extraction and liquid chromatography (HPLC) with a fluorescence detector (FLD) were applied in the analyses of the samples. The Hierarchical Clustering Analysis enabled to explore the differences between the gaseous samples collected in five burning zones. The average total sum of PAHs content was 2.22 mg/m3. Naphthalene, fluorene and phenanthrene were the main components detected in gas samples, which is associated with their high volatility, when compared to other PAHs compounds. The heaviest PAHs (benzo[a]anthracene, chrysene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, benzo[a]pyrene,dibenzo[a,h]anthracene, benzo[g,h,i]perylene and indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene) In all tested samples were not detected which may be attributed to decreasing evaporation with increasing molecular mass.
Słowa kluczowe
EN burning mine waste dump   PAHs   environmental risk   experimental data analysis   Hierarchical Clustering Analysis  
Wydawca University of Silesia in Katowice
Akademiai Kiado
Czasopismo Acta Chromatographica
Rocznik 2015
Tom Vol. 27, no. 2
Strony 239--254
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 31 poz., rys., tab.
autor Smoliński, A.
  • Central Mining Institute Department of Energy Saving and Air Protection Plac Gwarków 1 40-166 Katowice Poland
autor Kuna-Gwoździewicz, P.
  • Central Mining Institute Department of Environment Engineering Plac Gwarków 1 40-166 Katowice Poland
autor Łączny, M.
  • Central Mining Institute Department of Post-Industrial Sites and Waste Management Plac Gwarków 1 40-166 Katowice Poland
autor Bąk, A.
  • University of Silesia Department of Organic Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry Szkolna Street 9 40-007 Katowice Poland
[1] J.J. Nam, G.O. Thomas, F.M. Jaward, E. Steinnes, O. Gustafsson, K.C. Jones, Chemosphere, 70, 1596 (2007)
[2] U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), Compendium of Methods for the Determination of Toxic Organic Compounds in Ambient Air EPA/625/R-96/010b, Center for Environmental Research Information. Office of Research and Development U.S., Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH 45268, 1999
[3] W. Wentao, M. Bingjun, L. Xiaoxia, L. Yu, T. Shu, Analytical Chimica Acta, 602, 211 (2007)
[4] M. Howsam and K.C. Jones in A.H. Neilson (Eds) Part 1 PAHs and Related Compounds. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry vol. 3, Springer–Verlag, Berlin/ Heidelberg, 1998, pp. 2–345
[5] G.C. Fang, Y.S. Wu, P.P.C. Fu, I.L. Yang, M.H. Chen, Chemosphere, 54, 443 (2004)
[6] K. Liu, W. Han, W.P. Pan, J.T. Riley, J. Hazard. Mater., 84, 175 (2001)
[7] L.Y. Zou, W. Zhang, S. Atkiston, Environ. Pollut., 124, 283 (2003)
[8] M. Trapido, Environ. Pollut., 105, 67 (1999)
[9] M.J. Smith, T.H. Flowers, H.J. Ducan, J. Alder, Environ. Pollut., 141, 519 (2006)
[10] P.M. Lemieux, C.C. Lutes, D.A. Santoianni, Prog. Energ. Combust., 30, 1 (2004)
[11] M. Misz, M. Fabianska, S. Cmiel, Int. J. Coal Geol., 71, 405 (2007)
[12] M. Misz-Kennan and M. Fabianska, Int. J. Coal Geol., 81, 343 (2010)
[13] R.M. Falcon, J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall., 86(7), 243 (1986)
[14] K. Ravindra, R. Sokhi, R. Van Grieken, Atmos. Environ., 42, 2895 (2008)
[15] A. Sapota, Podstawy i Metody Oceny Srodowiska Pracy, 18, 179 (2002)
[16] C.E. Boström, P. Gerde, A. Hanberg, B. Jernström, C. Johansson, T. Kyrklund, A. Rannug, M. Törnqvist, K. Victorin, R. Westerholm, Environ. Health Persp., 110, 451 (2002)
[17] N. Ramirez, A. Cuadras, E. Rovira, R.M. Marce, F. Borrull, Environ. Health Persp., 119, 1110 (2011)
[18] Polish Geological Institute (PIG), , accessed January 2013
[19] U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Ambient Air Using Gas Chromatography/mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Compendium of Methods for the Determination of Toxic Organic Compounds in Ambient Air. EPA/625/R-96/010b. Washington, DC: U.S. EPA, Center for Environmental Research Information, 1999
[20] P. Ruokojarvi, J. Ruuskanen, M. Ettala, P. Rahkonen, J. Tarhanen,. Chemosphere, 31, 899 (1995)
[21] S.S. Park, Y.J. Kim, H.K. Chang, Atmos. Environ., 36, 2917 (2002)
[22] K.F. Chang, G.C. Fang, J.C. Chen, Y.S. Wu, Environ. Pollut., 142, 388–396 (2006)
[23] L. Kaufman and P.J. Rousseeuw Finding groups in data; An introduction to cluster analysis, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1990
[24] D.L. Massart and L. Kaufman The interpretation of analytical data by the use of cluster analysis. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1983
[25] H.C. Romesburg Cluster analysis for researchers. Lifetime Learning Publications, Belmont, California, 1984
[26] A. Smolinski, K. Stanczyk, K. Kapusta, N. Howaniec, Water Air Soil Poll., 223, 5745 (2012)
[27] A. Smolinski, K. Stanczyk, K. Kapusta, N. Howaniec, Water Sci. Technol., 67, 644–650 (2013)
[28] B.G.M. Vandeginste, D.L. Massart, L.M.C. Buydens, S. De Jong, P.J. Lewi, J. Smeyers-Verbeke Handbook of Chemometrics and Qualimetrics: Part B. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1998
[29] W. Vogt, D. Nagel, H. Sator Cluster analysis in clinical chemistry; A model. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1987
[30] J.H. Ward Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. J. Am. Statist. Assoc., 58, 236 (1963)
[31] A. Smolinski, B. Walczak, J.W. Einax, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 64, 45–54 (2002)
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-32d81197-0307-48ff-9472-e04a19d039c9