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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-2e9d3c0e-14cb-45f4-a74a-1b784ce4cc49

Czasopismo

Zeszyty Naukowe. Transport / Politechnika Śląska

Tytuł artykułu

Challenges for integration of remotely piloted aircraft systems into the European sky

Autorzy Zieliński, T.  Marud, W. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) are widely used in the civil sphere. They offer capabilities predisposed them to be employed by state services in ensuring security and public order, as well as in commercial activities. It should be assumed that the number of RPAS users will grow in geometric progression. It also applies to the European Union, where the market of RPAS is considered to be one of the most prospective in the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. This situation generates specific problems that should be solved in order to develop the RPAS’ market without limitations as a part of the European aviation system. The final state should be full integration of RPAS into the European aviation system, to conduct flight operations in non-segregated airspace without additional administrative constraints. Some efforts have been made to achieve this ambitious goal in the European Union. The paper summarises the current status of the legal framework and projects connected with the integration of RPAS into the European airspace. It is mainly based on qualitative analysis of source materials. The purpose of the paper is to identify key problem areas, the solution of which will contribute to the integration of RPAS into the European civil aviation system. An analysis of normative documents functioning in the European Union (EU) relating to RPAS has been carried out. In particular, the European Commission (EC) documents and regulations related to RPAS proposed by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) have been taken into account. Three crucial areas have been identified as challenges for the integration of RPAS into the European civil aviation system. Firstly, general concepts of integration of Remotely Piloted Aircraft into the European airspace including the development of the U-space concept. Secondly, the field of legal regulations, without which the functioning of RPAS as a part of the European aviation system is impossible. In this context, it is justified to continue the implementation of the Roadmap for the integration of civil Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Systems into the European Aviation System proposed by the EC in 2013. Also relevant are the EASA proposals for categorising RPAS and conducting flight operations based on the risk approach which is a new solution. The discussion may be triggered due to by-pass of all regulatory competencies to EASA, without taking into account the specificity of the national systems. Thirdly, the societal field. Full integration of RPAS into the European civil aviation system requires social acceptance for air operations involving RPAS. Despite the undeniable social benefits of RPAS utilisation, in particular in ensuring security and public order, it will be necessary to address issues related to the perception of RPAS by the public, including privacy and data protection, law enforcement associated with the application of RPAS, third-party liability and insurance requirements of RPAS.
Słowa kluczowe
PL zdalnie sterowane systemy lotnicze   RPAS   koncepcja U-Space   bezzałogowy statek powietrzny   EASA   ICAO  
EN Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems   RPAS   U-space concept   Unmanned Aircraft   EASA   ICAO  
Wydawca Wydawnictwo Politechniki Śląskiej
Czasopismo Zeszyty Naukowe. Transport / Politechnika Śląska
Rocznik 2019
Tom z. 102
Strony 217--229
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 26 poz.
Twórcy
autor Zieliński, T.
  • Faculty of Management and Command (Civil Aviation Management Department), War Studies University, A. Chruściela “Montera” 103 ave., 00-910 Warszawa, Poland, t-zielinski@akademia.mil.pl
autor Marud, W.
  • Faculty of Management and Command (Civil Aviation Management Department), War Studies University, A. Chruściela “Montera” 103 ave., 00-910 Warszawa, Poland, w.marud@akademia.mil.pl
Bibliografia
1. Capello Elisa et al. 2017. ”An Innovative Cloud-based Supervision System for the Integration of RPAS in Urban Environments”. Transportation Research Procedia 28: 191-200. ISSN 2352-1465. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2017.12.185.
2. Du Haomiao, Michiel A. Heldeweg. 2018. “An experimental approach to regulating non-military unmanned aircraft systems”. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology. EISSN 1364-6885. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13600869.2018.1429721.
3. EASA. 2015. “Concept of Operations for Drones A risk based approach to regulation of unmanned aircraft”. European Aviation Safety Agency, Cologne, Germany.
4. EASA. 2017. “Notice of Proposed Amendment 2017-05 (A). Introduction of a Regulatory Framework for the Operation of Drones Unmanned Aircraft System Operations in the Open and Specific Category; RMT.0230”. European Aviation Safety Agency, Cologne, Germany.
5. EASA. 2018. “Opinion No 01/2018. Introduction of a regulatory framework for the operation of unmanned aircraft systems in the ‘open’ and ‘specific’ categories”. Related NPA/CRD: 2017-05–RMT.0230”. European Safety Agency, Cologne, Germany.
6. Eurocontrol. “RPAS ATM CONOPS”, edition 4.0. Available at: https://eurocontrol.int/sites/default/files/publication/files/Brochure%20RPAS%20CONOPS.pdf.
7. European Commission. 2015. Study on the Third-Party Liability and Insurance Requirements of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). Brussels, London: Steer Davies Gleave. ISBN 978-92-79-44125-7.
8. European Parliament. “Regulation (EC) No 785/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on insurance requirements for air carriers and aircraft operators”. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32004R0785&from=EN.
9. European Parliament. “Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC”. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1532348683434&uri=CELEX:02016R0679-20160504.
10. European Parliament. “European Parliament legislative resolution of 12 June 2018 on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Union Aviation Safety Agency, and repealing Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (COM(2015)0613 – C8-0389/2015 – 2015/0277(COD))”. Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2018-0245+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN&language=EN.
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21. Molina Maria de Miguel et al. 2018. “Ethics for civil indoor drones: A qualitative analysis”. International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles 10(4): 340-351. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1756829318794004.
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Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-2e9d3c0e-14cb-45f4-a74a-1b784ce4cc49
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DOI 10.20858/sjsutst.2019.102.18