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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-271bc5c1-973e-43d6-93b4-72d1524b56b4

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Impact analysis of internal catalyst converter on operating parameters of VW 1.9 TDI engine

Autorzy Haller, P.  Jankowski, A. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The largest amount of air pollutants is produced by the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, lignite, petroleum, natural gas, etc.). Such combustion releases huge amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere (including carbon oxides (CO, CO2), sulphur oxides (SO2, SO3), nitrogen oxides (NO, NOx)) and dust, ashes and soot. Transportation is a significant share of the air pollution, mainly wheel-based transportation. The combustion process in diesel engine is very complex physico-chemically and varies in time. The process is accompanied by simultaneous exchange of heat and mass and chemical reactions. The development of internal combustion engines is made towards meeting of the increasingly stringent requirements for toxic exhaust emissions, reduction of fuel consumption, and preservation of Earth's natural resources. The problem to solve in modern diesel engines is the emission of toxic compounds. One way to reduce emissions is to use a catalytic converter positioned directly in the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. The aim of this analysis is assessment of toxic emissions of a diesel engine with an internal catalyst. Qualitative assessment of engine emissions was determined by comparing test results of an engine with ceramic-ally coated valves against one with just conventional valves (commercial valves - without a ceramic coating). The study utilized a fourcylinder 1.9 TDI VW engine. It was expected that the use of glow plugs with an active coating would reduce the release of toxic compounds.
Słowa kluczowe
EN catalyst   diesel engine   emissions  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2014
Tom Vol. 21, No. 1
Strony 99--106
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 18 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Haller, P.
  • Wroclaw University of Technology Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Wyspianskiego Street 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland tel.: +48 71 3477918, fax: +48 71 3477918, piotr.haller@pwr.wroc.pl
autor Jankowski, A.
  • Institute of Aviation Krakowska Av. 110/114 02-256 Warsaw, Poland tel.:+48 22 846 0011; fax: +48 22 846 4432, ajank@ilot.edu.pl
Bibliografia
1] Janicka, A., Emisja związków toksycznych silnika o zapłonie samoczynnym z katalizatorem wewnętrznym, Wrocław 2008.
[2] Merkisz, J., Ekologiczne problemy silników spalinowych, Wydawnictwo Politechniki Poznańskiej, Poznań 1998.
[3] Chłopek, Z., Pojazdy samochodowe. Ochrona środowiska naturalnego, WKŁ Warszawa 2002.
[4] Rychter, T., Teodorczyk, A., Pojazdy samochodowe. Teoria silników tłokowych,WKŁ Warszawa 2002.
[5] Piotrowski, K., et al., Podstawy Toksykologii, WNT, Warszawa 2006.
[6] Warych, J., Oczyszczanie przemysłowych gazów odlotowych, PWN, Warszawa 1994.
[7] Haller, P., Jankowski, A., Kolanek, C., Walkowiak, W., Microemulsions as fuel for diesel engine, Journal of KONES, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 165-170, 2012.
[8] Sitnik, L., Dworaczyński, M., Haller, P., Water-carbohydron emulsions obtained by cavitation used for the fuelling of diesel engines, Archiwum Motoryzacji, Vol. 60, No. 2, 2013.
[9] Kaźmierczak, A., Silniki pojazdów samochodowych, REA, Warszawa 2010.
[10] Jankowski, A., Influence of chosen parameters of water fuel microemulsion on combustion processes, emission level of nitrogen oxides and fuel consumption of ci engine, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2011.
[11] Jankowski, A., Sandel, A., Jankowska-Siemińska, B. Sęczyk, J. Measurement of drop size distribution in fuel sprays by laser methods, Journal of KONES Vol. 8 No. 3-4, pp. 334-345, 2001.
[12] Jankowski, A., Heat transfer in combustion chamber of piston engines, Journal of KONES Vol. 17 No. 1, pp. 187-197, 2010.
[13] Jankowski, A., Study of the influence of different factors on combustion processes (Part two), Journal of KONES Internal Combustion Engines 2009, Vo. 16, No. 3 pp. 135-140, 2009.
[14] Jankowski, A., Some aspects of heterogeneous processes of the combustion including two phases, Journal of KONES, Vol. 12, No. 1-2, pp. 121-134, 2005.
[15] Jankowski, A., Czerwinski, J., Memorandum of prof. A. K. Oppenheim and an example of application of the Oppenheim correlation (OPC)* for the heat losses during the combustion in IC-engine, Journal of KONES, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 181-104, 2010.
[16] Jankowski, A., Study of the influence of different factors on combustion processes (Part one), Journal of KONES, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 209-216, 2009
[17] Jankowski, A., Laser research of fuel atomization and combustion process in the aspect of exhaust gases emission, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 119- 126, 2008.
[18] Jankowski, A., Sandel, A., Seczyk, J., Jankowska-Sieminska, B., Some problems of improvement of fuel efficiency and emissions in internal combustion engines, Journal of KONES Internal Combustion Engines, Vol. 9, No. 3-4, pp. 333-356, 2002.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-271bc5c1-973e-43d6-93b4-72d1524b56b4
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.5604/12314005.1134058