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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-2053e22e-4fa4-4930-bd75-122757abadc3

Czasopismo

Acta Geologica Polonica

Tytuł artykułu

Continuous versus pulsed origination and extinction and biozones

Autorzy Trammer, J. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The count of biozones as an approximate measure of the origination and extinction rates of index taxa (mostly species) is proposed. The mean number of extinctions of these taxa per m.y. is 1.136 (Palaeozoic mean 0.902, Mesozoic mean 1.680, Cenozoic mean 0.789). In contrast with the majority of taxa, the originations and extinctions of index taxa, as well as of other taxa belonging to biostratigraphically important systematic groups, seems to be continuous.
Słowa kluczowe
PL powstawanie   wygaśnięcie   tempo   okres  
EN origination   extinction   rates   biozones  
Wydawca Faculty of Geology of the University of Warsaw
Komitet Nauk Geologicznych PAN
Czasopismo Acta Geologica Polonica
Rocznik 2014
Tom Vol. 64, no. 4
Strony 361--366
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 16 poz., il.
Twórcy
autor Trammer, J.
  • Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93; PL-02-089, Poland, jtrammer@uw.edu.pl
Bibliografia
1. Alroy, J. 2008. Dynamics of origination and extinction in the marine fossil record. PNAS, 105, 11536–11542.
2. Alroy, J. 2010. The shifting balance of diversity among major marine animal groups. Science, 329, 1191–1194.
3. Foote, M. 1994. Temporal variation in extinction risk and temporal scaling of extinction metrics. Paleobiology, 20, 424–444.
4. Foote, M. 2000. Origination and extinction components of taxonomic diversity: general problems. Paleobiology (suppl.), 26, 74–102.
5. Foote, M. 2005. Pulsed origination and extinction in the marine realm. Paleobiology, 31, 6–20.
6. Gradstein, F.M. and Ogg, J. 1996. A Phanerozoic time scale. Episodes, 19, 3–5.
7. MacLeod, N. 2005. Biozones. In: R.C. Selley, L.R.M. Cocks and I.R. Plimer, (Eds), Encyclopedia of geology, pp. 294–306. Academic Press; London.
8. Ogg, J.G., Ogg, G. and Gradstein, F.M. 2008. The concise geologic time scale, pp. 1–177. Cambridge University Press; Cambridge.
9. Raup, D.M. 1986. Biological extinction in Earth history. Science , 231, 1528–1533.
10. Raup, D.M. 1991. A kill curve for Phanerozoic marine species. Paleobiology, 17, 37–48.
11. Raup, D.M. and Sepkoski, J.J. 1984. Periodicity of extinctions in the geologic past. PNAS, 81, 833–836.
12. Sepkoski, J.J. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 363, 1–560.
13. Stanley, S.M. 1975. A theory of evolution above the species level. PNAS, 72, 646-650.
ON-LINE REFERENCES
14. International Chronostratigraphic Chart (www.stratigraphy.org)
15. Paleobiology Database (www.paleodatabase.org)
16. Sepkoski’s Online Genus Database constructed by Shanan Peters (www.strata.geology.wisc.edu/jack/)
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-2053e22e-4fa4-4930-bd75-122757abadc3
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.2478/agp-2014-0020