Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
cannonical link button


Logistics and Transport

Tytuł artykułu

Car-Sharing Development – Current State and Perspective

Autorzy Mindur, L.  Sierpiński, G.  Turoń, K. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN The article presents the development of urban car-sharing systems. In recent years we have observed substantial increase in the number of such systems implemented all over the world. The number of users has also been rapidly growing which translates into the impact car-sharing services have on transportation behaviour. Additionally, the process contributes to changes of the modal split. The analysis presented covers systems in operation in Europe, Asia and North America. The article is divided into two parts. The first one presents historical development of car-sharing systems, whereas the second, prospects for their development in 2020-2025.
Słowa kluczowe
EN car-sharing   transport systems  
Wydawca Międzynarodowa Wyższa Szkoła Logistyki i Transportu we Wrocławiu
Czasopismo Logistics and Transport
Rocznik 2018
Tom Vol. 39, No. 3
Strony 5--14
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 57 poz., rys., tab.
autor Mindur, L.
  • International University of Logistics and Transport in Wrocław, Poland,
autor Sierpiński, G.
autor Turoń, K.
[1] Banister, D.: The sustainable mobility paradigm. Transport Policy, Vol. 15, pp. 73-80, Elsevier (2008)
[2] Berger R.: Think Act, Car-sharing in China, How to operate a successful business, , Munich (2017), available at: ation_pdf/roland_berger_tab_car_sharing_china.pd f , access: 30.03.2018.
[3] Britton, E.: A Short History of Early Car Sharing Innovations, World Transport Policy & Practice, 5(3): 9-15 (1999).
[4] Britton E., Carsharing 2000 Report- Sustainable Transport’s Missing Link, The Journal of World Transport Policy & Practice, The Commons and Ecoplan, Paris (2000). Available at: 3/10/carshare-2000-final-report.pdf
[5] Car-sharing in Europe. Business Models, National Variations and Upcoming Disruptions. Monitor Deloitte. Iss. 6. (2017).
[6] Celiński I., Sierpiński G.,: Real time model for public transportation management. LogForum 2014, 10 (1), pp. 31-41 (2014)
[7] Cervero R., 2003. City CarShare: first-year travel demand impacts. Transp. Res. Rec.: J. Transp. Res. Board 1839, 159–166.
[8] Cervero, R., Golub, A., Nee, B., 2007. City CarShare: longer-term travel demand and car ownership impacts. Transp. Res. Rec.: J. Transp. Res. Board 1992, 70–80.
[9] Cervero, R., Tsai, Y., 2004. City CarShare in San Francisco, California: second-year travel demand and car ownership impacts. Transp. Res. Rec.: J. Transp. Res. Board 1887, 117–127.
[10] Chen, F., Turoń, K., Kłos, M., Czech, P., Pamuła, W., Sierpiński, G.: Fifth-generation bikesharing systems: examples from Poland and China. Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport. 2018, 99, 05-13.
[11] China Daily: EVCARD announces subscriber numbers, available at;, access: 20.02.2018.
[12] Ciari, F., Bock, B., Balmer, M.: Modeling stationbased and free-floating carsharing demand: a test case study for Berlin, Germany. Emerging and Innovative Public Transport and Technologies, CD-ROM. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC, USA (2014).
[13] Civitas Project, Car-sharing, available at:, access: 20.03.2018
[14] Clean Power for Transport: A European alternative fuels strategy, COM(2013)
[15] Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Online Platforms and the Digital Single Market, Opportunities and Challenges for Europe, COM(2016) 288 final. Online Platforms and the Digital Single Market. Opportunities and Challenges for Europe.
[16] Current data and data on the CarSharing service in Germany, avaliable at:, access: 20.02.2018.
[17] Czech, P., Turoń, K., Sierpiński, G. (2017). Development of the Bike-Sharing System on the Example of Polish Cities. in: Macioszek, E., Sierpiński, G. (eds) Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering for Transport Networks and Systems. TSTP 2017. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 21. Springer, Cham.
[18] Doherty, M., J., Sparrow, F.,T., Sinha, K.C.: Public use of autos: Mobility Enterprise Project, Journal of Transportation Engineering, 113, pp. 84-97 (1987).
[19] Eltis - The urban mobility observatory, Carsharing in La Rochelle, available at:, access: 20.03.2018
[20] Ferrero, F., Perboli, G., Rosano, M., Vesco, A. Car-sharing services: An annotated review, Sustainable Cities and Society volume 37, pp. 501518 (2018).
[21] Firnkorn, J., Müller, M.: What will be the environmental effects of new free-floating carsharing systems The case of car2go in Ulm, Ecological Economics, 70 (8), pp. 1519-1528, (2011).
[22] Fleet Europe: Germany enacts car-sharing law, available at:, access 18.04.2017
[23] Galińska B.: Multiple Criteria Evaluation of Global Transportation Systems - analysis of case study, [w:] Advanced Solutions of Transport Systems for Growing Mobility, pracazbiorowa pod red. G. Sierpiński, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 631, Springer, Cham, 2018, s. 155-171.
[24] Grzelec, K., Birr, K.: Development of trolleybus public transport in Gdynia as part of a sustainable mobility strategy. Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport. 92, s. 53-63 (2016).
[25] Hebel, K., Wołek, M.: Change trends in the use of passenger cars on urban trips: car-poolingin Gdynia. Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport 96, s. 37-47 (2017).
[26] Jacyna M., Żak J., Jacyna-Gołda I., Merkisz J., Merkisz-Guranowska A., Pielucha J.: Selected aspects of the model of proecological transport system, “Journal of KONES” 2013, Powertrain and Transport 20, s. 193-202
[27] Lejda, K., Mądziel, M., Siedlecka, S., Zielińska, E.: The future of public transport in light of solutions for sustainable transport development. Scientific Journal of Silesian University ofTechnology. Series Transport. 95, s. 97-108, (2017).
[28] Millard-Ball, A.: Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Report 108. Car-sharing: Where and how it Succeeds, Transportation Research Board (2005).
[29] Mindur L. (Ed.): Technologie transportowe. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Instytutu Technologii Eksploatacji – PIB, Radom 2014.
[30] Mindur M. (Ed.): Logistyka. Nauka – Badania – Rozwój, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Instytutu Technologii Eksploatacji – PIB, 2017.
[31] Muheim, P., Reinhardt , E.: Car-Sharing: The Key to Combined Mobility. Energy 2000, pp.58-71. BFE Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Bern, Switzerland (1998).
[32] Nourinejad, M., Roorda, M.:Carsharing operations policies: A comparison between one-way and twoway systems, Transportation, 42 (3), pp. 497-518 (2015).
[33] Marcin Paweska “Challenges and opportunities for Polish public road transport companies in 21st century” In Elżbieta Weiss, Marcin Pawęska, Enterprise - new challenges. Theory and practice. York University 2013, 4921 Reforma Rd. Woodland Hills, CA 91364, USA. ISBN: 978-08353-5030-0
[34] Pawłowska B.: Zrównoważony rozwój transportu na tle współczesnych procesów społecznogospodarczych. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, Gdańsk (2013)
[35] Polish portal of innovation, available at: id=7DA800FC06944637985C64F08AC4BAED, access: 25.03.2018.
[36] Shaheen, S., Chan N.,D., Micheaux, H., One-way carsharing’s evolution and operator perspectives from the Americas, Transportation, vol. 42, iss. 3, pp 519–536 (2015).
[37] Shaheen, S., Cohen, A.: Innovative Mobility Carsharing Outlook Carsharing Market Overview, Analysis, And Trends Winter 2016, Transportation Sustainability Research Center - University Of California, Berkeley (2016).
[38] Shaheen, S., Cohen, A.P.: Carsharing and Personal Vehicle Services: Worldwide Market Developments and Emerging Trends, International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 7, pp. 5–34 (2013).
[39] Shaheen, S., Cohen, A., P.: Growth in Worldwide Carsharing An International Comparison, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1992, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., pp. 81–89. (2007).
[40] Shaheen, S., Cohen, A., Jaffee, M.: Innovative Mobility: Carsharing Outlookcarsharing Market Overview, Analysis, And Trends, Winter 2018, Transportation Sustainability Research Center - University Of California, Berkeley (2018).
[41] Shaheen, S., Sperling, D., Wagner, C.: A Short History of Carsharing in the 90's, The Journal Of World Transport Policy & Practice, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 18-30, (1999)
[42] Sierpiński, G.: Model of Incentives for Changes of the Modal Split of Traffic Towards Electric Personal Cars. In: Mikulski, J. (ed.) Transport Systems Telematics 2014. Telematics - Support for Transport, CCIS, vol. 471, pp. 450-460. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)
[43] Sierpiński G.: Technologically advanced and responsible travel planning assisted by GT Planner. In: Macioszek E., Sierpiński G. (eds.): Contemporary Challenges of Transport Systems and Traffic Engineering. Lecture Notes in Network and Systems, Vol. 2, pp. 65-77, Springer (2017)
[44] Stanley, J.: Land use/transport integration: Starting at the right place, Research in Transportation Economics, Vol. 48, pp. 381-388, Elsevier (2014)
[45] Statista webpage, Car-sharing worldwide, available at:, access: 10.04.2018
[46] Straits-times Portal, Purchase vs. vehicle rental, available at: , access: 10.04.2018
[47] The City Fix Portal, Car-sharing on emerging markets, available at: ttp://, access: 20.04.2018
[48] Tiffany Stone Portal, History of Car-sharing, available at: access: 20.04.2018
[49] Tundys B.: The Impact and Role of Transportation on the Construction and Operations of the Green Supply Chain, [w:] Sustainable Transport Development, Innovation and Technology, praca zbiorowa pod red. M. Suchanek, Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics, Springer, Cham 2017, Switzerland, pp. 15-26.
[50] Turoń, K., Czech, P., Juzek, M. The concept of a walkable city as an alternative form of urban mobility. Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport. 95, s. 223-230 (2017).
[51] Turoń, K., Czech, P., Kubik, A., Sierpiński, G.: Car-sharing in the context of automotive industry - challenges and opportunities, Projekt interdyscyplinarny projektem XXI wieku. Akademia Techniczno-Humanistyczna w Bielsku Białej. Bielsko Biała vol. 3: 71-76.
[52] Turoń, K., Golba, D., Czech, P.: The Analysis of Progress CSR Good Practices Areas in Logistic Companies Based on Reports "Responsible Business in Poland. Good Practices" in 2010-2014. Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport 89, 163-171 (2015)
[53] Walb, C., Loudon,W: Evaluation of the short-term auto rental service in San Francisco, California. Prepared for the Urban Mass Transportation Administration, Research and Special Programs Administration (1986).
[54] Wasiak, M., Jacyna, M., Lewczuk ,K., Szczepański, E.: 2017. “The method for evaluation of efficiency of the concept of centrally managed distribution in cities”. Transport 32(4): 348-357.
[55] White Paper on the Future of Europe, Reflections and scenarios for the EU27 by 2025, COM(2017) 2025
[56] White Paper: Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system. COM(2011) 144
[57] Young, R.: Experiment in car-sharing. The Times. p. 2, 19 July 1977 (1997)
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-1e51447c-37a1-4bf2-969c-59ab6b525624
DOI 10.26411/83-1734-2015-3-39-1-18