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Advancements in near-surface seismicreflection acquisition

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3-D seismic refl ection methods have been established as the predominant seismic method for hydrocarbon exploration. While this is true for exploration scale surveys the same is not yet true for near-surface seismic refl ection investigations. While the benefi ts of employing 3-D methods have been documented they are yet to be fully adopted by the near-surface community. There are a number of reasons for this; primary among them is the labor involved with planting and re-cabling large numbers of geophones. The amount of time and labor involved in these operations has been a direct hindrance for 3-D investigations of the near-surface. To help overcome these limitations The University of Kansas geophysics group has developed a portable, automated seismic data acquisition system, known as the autojuggie. The autojuggie allows for effi cient ultra-shallow seismic imaging and is capable of quickly performing non-invasive, high-resolution 2-D or 3-D seismic surveys by deploying a dense array of geophones.
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Bibliogr. 14 poz., wykr., fot.
  • Department of Geology and Geophysics, The University of Kansas,
  • [1] Steeples, D.W., et al. „Geophones on a board”. Geophysics 64 (1999a): 809–814.
  • [2] Steeples, D.W., G.S. Baker, and C. Schmiessner. „Toward the autojuggie: Planting 72 geophones in 2 sec.” Geophysical Research Letters 26(8), 1999b: 1085–1088, doi:10.1029/1999GL900191.
  • [3] Spikes, K.T., P. Vincent, and D.W. Steeples., „Near-surface common-midpoint seismic data recorded with automatically planted geophones”. Geophysical Research Letters 32 (2005): L19302, doi:10.1029/2005GL023735.
  • [4] Tsofl ias, G.P., et al. „Automatic deployment of a 2-D geophone array for effi cient ultra-shallow seismic imaging”. Geophysical Research Letters 33 (2006): L09301, doi:10.1029/2006GL025902.
  • [5] Sloan, S.D. Ultra-Shallow Imaging Using 2D & 3D Seismic Refl ection Methods. Dissertation. Th e University of Kansas, 2008.
  • [6] Miller, B.E., G.P. Tsofl ias, and D.W. Steeples. „Automated geophone deployment on pavement for high resolution seismic reflection investigations in support of transportation infrastructure projects”. 79th Annual Meeting, SEG Expanded Abstracts, 2009: 1430–1434.
  • [7] Bachrach, R., and T. Mukerji. „Fast 3-D ultra shallow seismic refl ection imaging using portable geophone mount”. Geophysical Research Letters 28 (2001): 45- -48.
  • [8] van der Veen, M., et al. „Design and application of a towed land-streamer system for cost-eff ective 2-D and pseudo–3-D shallow seismic data acquisition”. Geophysics 66, 2 (2001): 482–500.
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  • [11] Czarnecki, G.P., et al. „An example of automated 3D ultra-shallow seismic acquisition”. 76th Annual Meeting, SEG Expanded Abstracts, 2006: 1461–1465.
  • [12] Kansas Geological Survey, Water well completion records, Form WWC-5, KSA 82a-1212, 2004, http://www.kgs.
  • [13] Knapp, R.W. „High resolution seismic data of Pennsylvanian cyclothems in Kansas Geophysics”. Th e Leading Edge Of Exploration 1988.
  • [14] Knapp, R.W., and W.L. Watney. „Seismic identifi cation of Pennsylvanian cyclothems beneath Lawrence, Kansas”. SEG Expanded Abstracts 338 (1987); DOI:10.1190/1.1892102.
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