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Relationship of maximal isometric torque produced in flexors and extensors rate to technique by judo athletes

Treść / Zawartość
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose: Development of strength is one of essential elements of motor preparation of judo athletes. The aim this study was to examine the influence of body composition and the joint torques on successful performance of various judo techniques. Methods: Twentyfive judo athletes participated in 175 judo bouts, which were video-recorded during the All-Polish competitions. Biomechanical classification of technical actions was used. The age and athletic experience of the subjects were 18 and 8.8 years, respectively. Their body height was 179.4 cm (Martin’s type anthropometer) and body mass was 80.3 kg (Sartorius F 1505 – DZA scales). Percentage of fat (10.6%) was estimated using skinfold result measurements. BMI (24.9 kgm–2), fat-free mass index (21.9 kgm–2) and fat mass index (3.0 kgm–2) were calculated. Maximum torques measured under static conditions were evaluated 2–3 days after the tournament. Descriptive statistics and ANOVA were conducted ( p  0.05). Results: Balancing of maximum torques in the muscles of the pelvic and illiac regions caused more frequent performance of physical lever-type throwing techniques, compared to couple of force-type throwing techniques. A negative correlation was found between body fat and value of force recorded for knee flexors and between the frequency of using techniques during groundwork and torques measured in hip extensors. High correlation of fat-free mass index and relative elbow flexor torque was found. Conclusions: The relationship between body composition and frequency of techniques used in a tournament, and joint torques developed by athletes were found.
Rocznik
Strony
65--71
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 25 poz., tab., wykr.
Twórcy
  • The Department of Theory of Sport and Kinesiology, University of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland
autor
  • The Department of Theory of Sport and Kinesiology, University of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland
  • The Department of Gymnastics and Dance, University of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland
autor
autor
  • The Department of Theory of Sport and Kinesiology, University of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland
autor
  • The Department of Physiology, University of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] ALMANSBA R., FRANCHINI E., STERKOWICZ S., IMAMURA R.T., CALMET M., AHMAIDI S.A., A comparative study of speed expressed by the number of throws between heavier and lighter categories in judo, Sci. Sport, 2008, 23, 186–188.
  • [2] BLAIS L., TRILLES F., The progress achieved by judokas after strength training with a judo-specific machine, J. Sports Sci. Med., 2006, 5(CSSI): 132-135.
  • [3] BOGUSZEWSKA K., BOGUSZEWSKI D., BUŚKO K., Special Judo Fitness Test and biomechanics measurements as a way to control of physical fitness in young judoists, Arch. Budo., 2010, 6(4), 205–209.
  • [4] BUŚKO K., NOWAK A., Changes of maximal muscle torque and maximal power output of lower extremities in male judoists during training, Hum. Movement, 2008, 9(2), 111–115.
  • [5] Chwala W., Ambrozy T., Sterkowicz S., Three-dimensional analysis of the ju-jitsu competitors’ motion during the performance of the ippon-seoi-nage throw, Arch. Budo Sci. Martial Art. Extreme Sport, 2013, 9, 41–53.
  • [6] FERNÁNDEZ E.C., SOLER E.I., CALVO X.D., Analysis of the acute effects of the confrontation in the judo, through the study of the association between metabolic and mechanical parameters, Fit. Perf. J., 2008, 7(4), 229–238.
  • [7] FRANCHINI E., VECCHIO F.B.D., MATSUSHIGUE K.A., ARTIOLI G.G., Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes, Sports Medicine, 2011, 41(2), 147–66.
  • [8] FRANCHINI E., PANISSA V.L., JULIO U.F., Physiological and Performance Responses to Intermittent Uchi-komi in Judo, J. Strength Cond. Res., 2013, 27, 1147–1155.
  • [9] GHAIRI M., HAMMOUDA O., MILLIAROPOULOS N., Muscular strength profile of Tunisian Male national judo team, Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons J., 201, 4(2), 149–153.
  • [10] HATTORI K., TATSUMI N., TANAKA S., Assessment of body composition by using a new chart method, Am. J. Hum. Biol., 1997, 9, 573–578.
  • [11] IMAMURA R., HRELJAC A., ESCAMILLA R., EDWARDS W., A three-dimensional analysis of the Center of mass for three different judo throwing techniques, J. Sports Sci. Med., 2006, 5, 122–131.
  • [12] KREBS D.A., WONG D., JEVSEVAR D., O., HODGE W.A., Trunk kinematics during locomotor activities, Phys. Ther., 1992, 72, 505–513.
  • [13] KUBO J., CHISHAKI T., NAKAMURA N., MURAMATSU T., YAMAMOTO Y., ITO M., SAITOU H., KUKIDOME T., Differences in fat-free mass and muscle thicknesses at various sites according to performance level among judo athletes, J. Strength Cond. Res., 2006, 20(3), 654–657.
  • [14] KUTÁČ P., Somatic Parameters of 17 year old soccer players in the older youth category in relation to sports performance, Acta Univ. Palacki Olomuc. Gymn., 2013, 43(3), 17–26.
  • [15] LEWANDOWSKA J., BUŚKO K., PASTUSZAK A., BOGUSZEWSKA K., Somatotype Variables Related to Muscle Torque and Power in Judoists, J. Hum. Kinet., 2011, 30, 21–28.
  • [16] PERRY J., BURNFIELD J.M., Gait analysis: normal and pathological function, Thorofare, SLACK, Inc., New Yersey 2010, 576 pp.
  • [17] RUIVO R., PEZARAT-CORREIA P., CARITA A.I., Elbow and shoulder muscles strength profile in judo athletes, Isokinet. Exerc. Sci., 2012, 20, 41–45.
  • [18] SACRIPANTI A., Advances in Judo Biomechanics Research – Modern Evolution on Ancient Roots, Saarbruecken Deutschland, VDM Dr. Müller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG. 356, 2010.
  • [19] SLAUGHTER M.H., LOHMAN T.G., BOILEAU R.A., HORSWILL C.A., STILLMAN R.J., VAN LOAN M.D., BEMBEN D.A., Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth, Hum. Biol., 1988, 60(5), 709–723.
  • [20] STARK T., WALKER B., PHILLIPS J.K., FEJER R., BECK R., Hand- -held dynamometry correlation with the gold standard isokinetic dynamometry: A systematic review, PM&R, 2011, 3, 472–479.
  • [21] STERKOWICZ S., JAWORSKI J., LECH G., PAŁKA T., STERKOWICZ-PRZYBYCIEŃ K., BUJAS P., PIĘTA P., MOŚCIŃSKI Z., Effect of acute effort on isometric strength and body balance: trained vs. untrained paradigm, Plos. One, 2016, 11(5), 1–16.
  • [22] STERKOWICZ-PRZYBYCIEŃ K., ALMANSBA R., Sexual dimorphism of anthropometrical measurements in judoists vs. untrained subject, Sci. Sports, 2011, 26, 316–323.
  • [23] STERKOWICZ S., SACRIPANTI A., STERKOWICZ-PRZYBYCIEŃ K., Techniques frequently used during London Olympic judo tournaments: A biomechanical approach, Arch. Budo, 2013, 9(1), 51–58.
  • [24] TAIFOUR A.M., NAWAISEH A.A., KHASAWNEH A.A., Isokinetic and isometric strength after electrical stimulation on Judo players, JPES, 2013, 13(3), Art. 64, 400–408.
  • [25] TRZASKOMA Z., TRZASKOMA L., Maximal strength of male and female judoka, Acta Bioeng. Biomech., 2000, (Suppl. 1), 567–572.
Uwagi
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2019).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-08d41281-5ae9-434a-90c4-4305530964b3
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