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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:80/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-073cf265-bca5-40a9-a7c9-08cde1fdf080

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Aircraft fuel consumption and emissions during cruise, effect of the jet stream

Autorzy Głowacki, P.  Kawalec, M. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN Article presents the results of fuel consumption calculation during cruise compared to remaining aircraft flight phases. Based on fuel consumption, methodology of pollutants quantitative estimation emitted by turbine engines has been developed. Material provides evaluation results of aircraft CO2, CO and NOx effusion using fuel consumption data taken from aircraft Flight Data Recorder (FDR) during cruise of various aircraft types. Knowledge of the amount of aircraft emissions on high altitudes is very important for climatologists in order to understand eventual changes in the Earth atmosphere due to aviation activities. The authors would like to draw attention of the aviation professionals to the fact that aircraft fuel consumption during cruise; thereby amount of toxic content in the exhaust from the turbine engine is significantly higher especially during flights against jet stream. Thousands flights of two operators were processed using algorithms developed by authors. The article gives an example of fuel consumption and thereby CO2, CO and NOx emission estimation based on engine performance taken from their test cell results. Calculations were performed with the consideration of the factor for engines deterioration through operation time provided by its manufacturer.
Słowa kluczowe
EN turbine engine   cruise   jet stream   exhaust emissions  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2015
Tom Vol. 22, No. 2
Strony 63--70
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 9 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Głowacki, P.
  • Institute of Aviation, Centre of Space Technologies Krakowska Avenue 110/114, 02-256 Warsaw, Poland tel.: +48 22 8460011, fax: +48 22 8464432, pawel.glowacki@ilot.edu.pl
autor Kawalec, M.
  • Institute of Aviation, Centre of Space Technologies Krakowska Avenue 110/114, 02-256 Warsaw, Poland tel.: +48 22 8460011, fax: +48 22 8464432, michal.kawalec@ilot.edu.pl
Bibliografia
[1] Balicki, W., Chachurski, R., Głowacki, P., Szczeciński, S., Aviation – Environmental threats, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 7-14, Warsaw 2014.
[2] Balicki, W., Chachurski, R., Głowacki, P., Szczeciński, J., Szczeciński, S., Effect of the atmosphere on the performances of aviation turbine engines, Acta Mechanica et Automatica, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 70-73, Białystok 2014.
[3] Głowacki, P., Szczeciński, S., Environmental threats around airports and possibilities of limiting them, Transactions of the Institute of Aviation, No. 217, pp. 35-38, 2011.
[4] Głowacki, P., Szczecinski, S., Transport lotniczy zagrożenia ekologiczne oraz sposoby ich ograniczania, Wydawnictwa Naukowe Instytutu Lotnictwa, Warszawa 2013.
[5] Głowacki, P., Kawalec, M., Aircraft emissions during various flight phases, Combustion Engines, No. 3 (162), pp. 229-240, 2015.
[6] Orkisz, M., Konstrukcyjne metody obniżania emisji składników toksycznych emitowanych przez silniki turbinowe, Turbinowe silniki lotnicze w ujęciu problemowym, PNTTE, Lublin 2000.
[7] CFM, 2005, Flight Operations Support, December 2005.
[8] ICAO (2008) International Standards and Recommended Practices, Environmental Protection Annex 16, Vol. II, Aircraft Engine Emissions (second ed.) ICAO, 2008.
[9] ICAO Aircraft Engine Emissions Databank. https://easa.europa.eu/document-library/icao- aircraft-engine-emissions-databank.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-073cf265-bca5-40a9-a7c9-08cde1fdf080
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.5604/12314005.1165398